TITLE

Social Behaviors Increase in Children with Autism in the Presence of Animals Compared to Toys

AUTHOR(S)
O'Haire, Marguerite E.; McKenzie, Samantha J.; Beck, Alan M.; Slaughter, Virginia
PUB. DATE
February 2013
SOURCE
PLoS ONE;Feb2013, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Previous research has demonstrated the capacity of animal presence to stimulate social interaction among humans. The purpose of this study was to examine the interactions of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) with an adult and their typically-developing peers in the presence of animals (two guinea pigs) compared to toys. Methods: Ninety-nine children from 15 classrooms in 4 schools met the inclusion criteria and participated in groups of three (1 child with ASD and 2 typically-developing peers). Each group was video-recorded during three 10-minute, free-play sessions with toys and three 10-minute, free-play sessions with two guinea pigs. Two blinded observers coded the behavior of children with ASD and their peers. To account for the nested study design, data were analyzed using hierarchical generalized linear modeling. Results: Participants with ASD demonstrated more social approach behaviors (including talking, looking at faces, and making tactile contact) and received more social approaches from their peers in the presence of animals compared to toys. They also displayed more prosocial behaviors and positive affect (i.e., smiling and laughing) as well as less self-focused behaviors and negative affect (i.e., frowning, crying, and whining) in the presence of animals compared to toys. Conclusions: These results suggest that the presence of an animal can significantly increase positive social behaviors among children with ASD.
ACCESSION #
87625131

 

Related Articles

  • Three Decades of Growth in Infant Mental Health. ZEANAH, CHARLES H.; ZEANAH, PAULA DOYLE // Zero to Three;Nov2009, Vol. 30 Issue 2, p22 

    In a mere 3 decades, infant mental health has grown from an intriguing but obscure clinical approach to young children into a broad-based, multidisciplinary effort to enhance the development and well-being of young children and families through research, practice, and policy. The authors review...

  • Fact and fashion: changing practices in child psychiatry. Wolff, S. // Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine;Jun1989, Vol. 82 Issue 6, p324 

    The article presents information on a study regarding the changing practices in the child psychiatry in Great Britain. It discusses the gap between child development and child psychiatry that occurred due to the rapid advancement in the child development researches. It also analyzes the...

  • The history of autism. Wolff, Sula // European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry;2004, Vol. 13 Issue 4, p201 

    Autism remains a fascinating condition, perhaps the most prolifically researched of all child psychiatric disorders. Its history yields many lessons: early accounts of possible autism are, with one exception, unclear; the greatest contributions to our understanding have come from individual...

  • Family Togetherness and Other Fairy Tales. Brandes, Norman S. // Clinical Pediatrics;Sep1972, Vol. 11 Issue 9, p516 

    Highlights the importance of family togetherness in the experiences of love, happiness and improved mental health for children. Normal defenses against closeness; Effects on the psychosexual development of children; Psychiatric cases; Indications for child growth and development.

  • EBMH Notebook: Rethinking evidence-based practice for children's mental health. Waddell, C.; Godderis, R. // Evidence Based Mental Health;Aug2005, Vol. 8 Issue 3, p60 

    The article discusses the importance of evidence-based practice for children's mental health. According to the author, evidence-based practice (EBP) refers to health practitioners applying the best currently available research evidence in the provision of health services. Although EBP is widely...

  • Psychiatric Difficulties in Siblings of Handicapped Children. POZNANSKI, ELVA // Clinical Pediatrics;Apr1969, Vol. 8 Issue 4, p232 

    Because handicaps are long-term problems, they can affect the emotional growth and development of the other children in the household. Child psychiatrists see more siblings of handicapped children than handicapped children themselves.

  • Analysis of child-dog play behavior in child psychiatry. Prothmann, Anke; Aibrecht, Konstanze; Dietrich, Sandra; Hornfeck, Ulrike; Stieber, Saskia; Ettrich, Christine // Anthrozoos;2005, Vol. 18 Issue 1, p43 

    The article focuses on the analysis of child-dog play behavior in child psychiatry. During the last few decades, researchers have increasingly concentrated on investigating these processes, underlining the importance of nonverbal communication for both healthy and mentally ill individuals....

  • Antecedents and Consequences of Psychiatric Disorders in African-American Adolescents. Jin, Run; Ge, Xiaojia; Brody, Gene; Simons, Ronald; Cutrona, Carolyn; Gibbons, Frederick // Journal of Youth & Adolescence;May2008, Vol. 37 Issue 5, p493 

    This study included three waves of data, collected from approximately 890 African-American children and their families. Antecedents and consequences of psychiatric disorders among this population were examined. Children’s temperament, pubertal timing, and experience of stressful life...

  • Screening for emotional and behavioural problems amongst 5-11-year-old school children in Karachi, Pakistan. Syed, Ehsan; Hussein, Sajida; Mahmud, Sadia; Syed, Ehsan Ullah; Hussein, Sajida Abdul // Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology;May2007, Vol. 42 Issue 5, p421 

    Background: While a number of studies in the western countries have provided estimates of prevalence for child psychiatric morbidity and associated risk factors, relatively little is known about child psychiatric problems and risk factors in developing countries like...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics