Reading “Sun” and Looking Up: The Influence of Language on Saccadic Eye Movements in the Vertical Dimension

Dudschig, Carolin; Souman, Jan; Lachmair, Martin; Vega, Irmgard de la; Kaup, Barbara
February 2013
PLoS ONE;Feb2013, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p1
Academic Journal
Traditionally, language processing has been attributed to a separate system in the brain, which supposedly works in an abstract propositional manner. However, there is increasing evidence suggesting that language processing is strongly interrelated with sensorimotor processing. Evidence for such an interrelation is typically drawn from interactions between language and perception or action. In the current study, the effect of words that refer to entities in the world with a typical location (e.g., sun, worm) on the planning of saccadic eye movements was investigated. Participants had to perform a lexical decision task on visually presented words and non-words. They responded by moving their eyes to a target in an upper (lower) screen position for a word (non-word) or vice versa. Eye movements were faster to locations compatible with the word's referent in the real world. These results provide evidence for the importance of linguistic stimuli in directing eye movements, even if the words do not directly transfer directional information.


Related Articles

  • Increased Attentional Focus Modulates Eye Movements in a Mixed Antisaccade Task for Younger and Older Adults. Wang, Jingxin; Tian, Jing; Wang, Rong; Benson, Valerie // PLoS ONE;Apr2013, Vol. 8 Issue 4, p1 

    We examined performance in the antisaccade task for younger and older adults by comparing latencies and errors in what we defined as high attentional focus (mixed antisaccades and prosaccades in the same block) and low attentional focus (antisaccades and prosaccades in separate blocks)...

  • Designing Driver Assistance Systems with Crossmodal Signals: Multisensory Integration Rules for Saccadic Reaction Times Apply. Steenken, Rike; Weber, Lars; Colonius, Hans; Diederich, Adele // PLoS ONE;May2014, Vol. 9 Issue 5, p1 

    Modern driver assistance systems make increasing use of auditory and tactile signals in order to reduce the driver's visual information load. This entails potential crossmodal interaction effects that need to be taken into account in designing an optimal system. Here we show that saccadic...

  • Influence of Retinal Image Shifts and Extra-Retinal Eye Movement Signals on Binocular Rivalry Alternations. Kalisvaart, Joke P.; Goossens, Jeroen // PLoS ONE;Apr2013, Vol. 8 Issue 4, p1 

    Previous studies have indicated that saccadic eye movements correlate positively with perceptual alternations in binocular rivalry, presumably because the foveal image changes resulting from saccades, rather than the eye movement themselves, cause switches in awareness. Recently, however, we...

  • VISUAL PROCESSING: A roving eye. Craven, Rebecca // Nature Reviews Neuroscience;Nov2001, Vol. 2 Issue 11, p761 

    Discusses research being done on visual perception during saccades. Reference to study by M. A. Garcia Pérez and E. Peli, published in the 2001 issue of the "Journal of Neuroscience"; Approach taken on studying intrasaccadic perception; Range of complex visual tasks that can be performed...

  • Saccadic Inhibition in Reading. Reingold, Eyal M.; Stampe, Dave M. // Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception & Performan;Feb2004, Vol. 30 Issue 1, p194 

    In 5 experiments. participants read text that was briefly replaced by a transient image for 33 ms at random intervals. A decrease in saccadic frequency, referred to as saccadic inhibition, occurred as early as 60-70 ms following the onset of abrupt changes in visual input. It was demonstrated...

  • Transsaccadic processing: stability, integration, and the potential role of remapping. Higgins, Emily; Rayner, Keith // Attention, Perception & Psychophysics;Jan2015, Vol. 77 Issue 1, p3 

    While our frequent saccades allow us to sample the complex visual environment in a highly efficient manner, they also raise certain challenges for interpreting and acting upon visual input. In the present, selective review, we discuss key findings from the domains of cognitive psychology, visual...

  • The Muslim Headscarf and Face Perception: “They All Look the Same, Don't They?”. Toseeb, Umar; Bryant, Eleanor J.; Keeble, David R. T. // PLoS ONE;Feb2014, Vol. 9 Issue 2, p1 

    The headscarf conceals hair and other external features of a head (such as the ears). It therefore may have implications for the way in which such faces are perceived. Images of faces with hair (H) or alternatively, covered by a headscarf (HS) were used in three experiments. In Experiment 1...

  • Less attention is more in the preparation of antisaccades, but not prosaccades. Kristj�nsson, �rni; Chen, Yue; Nakayama, Ken // Nature Neuroscience;Oct2001, Vol. 4 Issue 10, p1037 

    To make a saccadic eye movement to a target we must first attend to it. It is therefore not surprising that diverting attention increases saccade latency, but is latency increased in all cases? We show that attending to a peripheral discrimination task has a paradoxical effect. If the stimulus...

  • Fooling the Eyes: The Influence of a Sound-Induced Visual Motion Illusion on Eye Movements. Fracasso, Alessio; Targher, Stefano; Zampini, Massimiliano; Melcher, David // PLoS ONE;Apr2013, Vol. 8 Issue 4, p1 

    :The question of whether perceptual illusions influence eye movements is critical for the long-standing debate regarding the separation between action and perception. To test the role of auditory context on a visual illusion and on eye movements, we took advantage of the fact that the presence...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics