TITLE

Hyperglycemia: GDNF-EGR1 Pathway Target Renal Epithelial Cell Migration and Apoptosis in Diabetic Renal Embryopathy

AUTHOR(S)
Lin, Ching-Yuang; Lin, Tze-Yi; Lee, Min-Chun; Chen, Shih-Chieh; Chang, Jeng-Shou
PUB. DATE
February 2013
SOURCE
PLoS ONE;Feb2013, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Maternal hyperglycemia can inhibit morphogenesis of ureteric bud branching, Glial cell line-derived neurotrophilic factor (GDNF) is a key regulator of the initiation of ureteric branching. Early growth response gene-1 (EGR-1) is an immediate early gene. Preliminary study found EGR-1 persistently expressed with GDNF in hyperglycemic environment. To evaluate the potential relationship of hyperglycemia-GDNF-EGR-1 pathway, in vitro human renal proximal tubular epithelial (HRPTE) cells as target and in vivo streptozotocin-induced mice model were used. Our in vivo microarray, real time-PCR and confocal morphological observation confirmed apoptosis in hyperglycemia-induced fetal nephropathy via activation of the GDNF/MAPK/EGR-1 pathway at E12-E15. Detachment between ureteric branch and metanephrons, coupled with decreasing number and collapse of nephrons on Day 1 newborn mice indicate hyperglycemic environment suppress ureteric bud to invade metanephric rudiment. In vitro evidence proved that high glucose suppressed HRPTE cell migration and enhanced GDNF-EGR-1 pathway, inducing HRPTE cell apoptosis. Knockdown of EGR-1 by siRNA negated hyperglycemic suppressed GDNF-induced HRPTE cells. EGR-1 siRNA also reduced GDNF/EGR-1-induced cRaf/MEK/ERK phosphorylation by 80%. Our findings reveal a novel mechanism of GDNF/MAPK/EGR-1 activation playing a critical role in HRPTE cell migration, apoptosis and fetal hyperglycemic nephropathy.
ACCESSION #
87624875

 

Related Articles

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics