TITLE

Implicitly Priming the Social Brain: Failure to Find Neural Effects

AUTHOR(S)
Powers, Katherine E.; Heatherton, Todd F.
PUB. DATE
February 2013
SOURCE
PLoS ONE;Feb2013, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Humans have a fundamental need for social relationships. Rejection from social groups is especially detrimental, rendering the ability to detect threats to social relationships and respond in adaptive ways critical. Indeed, previous research has shown that experiencing social rejection alters the processing of subsequent social cues in a variety of socially affiliative and avoidant ways. Because social perception and cognition occurs spontaneously and automatically, detecting threats to social relationships may occur without conscious awareness or control. Here, we investigated the automaticity of social threat detection by examining how implicit primes affect neural responses to social stimuli. However, despite using a well-established implicit priming paradigm and large sample size, we failed to find any evidence that implicit primes induced changes at the neural level. That implicit primes influence behavior has been demonstrated repeatedly and across a variety of domains, and our goal is not to question these effects. Rather, we offer the present study as cautionary evidence that such a paradigm may not be amenable to scanning in an fMRI environment.
ACCESSION #
87624755

 

Related Articles

  • Beyond Face Value: Does Involuntary Emotional Anticipation Shape the Perception of Dynamic Facial Expressions? Palumbo, Letizia; Jellema, Tjeerd // PLoS ONE;Feb2013, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p1 

    Emotional facial expressions are immediate indicators of the affective dispositions of others. Recently it has been shown that early stages of social perception can already be influenced by (implicit) attributions made by the observer about the agent’s mental state and intentions. In the...

  • Unconsciously Triggered Emotional Conflict by Emotional Facial Expressions. Jiang, Jun; Bailey, Kira; Chen, Antao; Cui, Qian; Zhang, Qinglin // PLoS ONE;Feb2013, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p1 

    The present study investigated whether emotional conflict and emotional conflict adaptation could be triggered by unconscious emotional information as assessed in a backward-masked affective priming task. Participants were instructed to identify the valence of a face (e.g., happy or sad)...

  • Attitudes toward Others Depend upon Self and Other Causal Uncertainty. Tobin, Stephanie J.; Osika, Matylda M.; McLanders, Mia // PLoS ONE;Feb2014, Vol. 9 Issue 2, p1 

    People who are high in causal uncertainty doubt their own ability to understand the causes of social events. In three studies, we examined the effects of target and perceiver causal uncertainty on attitudes toward the target. Target causal uncertainty was manipulated via responses on a causal...

  • Gratitude Depends on the Relational Model of Communal Sharing. Simão, Cláudia; Seibt, Beate // PLoS ONE;Jan2014, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p1 

    We studied the relation between benefits, perception of social relationships and gratitude. Across three studies, we provide evidence that benefits increase gratitude to the extent to which one applies a mental model of a communal relationship. In Study 1, the communal sharing relational model,...

  • Divided Attention Improves Delayed, but Not Immediate Retrieval of a Consolidated Memory. Kessler, Yoav; Vandermorris, Susan; Gopie, Nigel; Daros, Alexander; Winocur, Gordon; Moscovitch, Morris // PLoS ONE;Mar2014, Vol. 9 Issue 3, p1 

    A well-documented dissociation between memory encoding and retrieval concerns the role of attention in the two processes. The typical finding is that divided attention (DA) during encoding impairs future memory, but retrieval is relatively robust to attentional manipulations. However, memory...

  • Long story short: the serotonin transporter in emotion regulation and social cognition. Canli, Turhan; Lesch, Klaus-Peter // Nature Neuroscience;Sep2007, Vol. 10 Issue 9, p1103 

    The gene encoding the serotonin transporter (5-HTT) contains a regulatory variation that has been associated with anxiety-related traits and susceptibility for depression. Here we highlight recent discoveries related to allelic variation of 5-HTT function with respect to emotion regulation and...

  • The Impact of Mathematical Proficiency on the Number-Space Association. Hoffmann, Danielle; Mussolin, Christophe; Martin, Romain; Schiltz, Christine // PLoS ONE;Jan2014, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p1 

    A specific instance of the association between numerical and spatial representations is the SNARC (Spatial Numerical Association of Response Codes) effect. The SNARC effect describes the finding that during binary classification of numbers participants are faster to respond to small/large...

  • Automaticity and Control in Prospective Memory: A Computational Model. Gilbert, Sam J.; Hadjipavlou, Nicola; Raoelison, Matthieu // PLoS ONE;Mar2013, Vol. 8 Issue 3, p1 

    Prospective memory (PM) refers to our ability to realize delayed intentions. In event-based PM paradigms, participants must act on an intention when they detect the occurrence of a pre-established cue. Some theorists propose that in such paradigms PM responding can only occur when participants...

  • Self-Portraits: Smartphones Reveal a Side Bias in Non-Artists. Bruno, Nicola; Bertamini, Marco // PLoS ONE;Feb2013, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p1 

    According to surveys of art books and exhibitions, artists prefer poses showing the left side of the face when composing a portrait and the right side when composing a self-portrait. However, it is presently not known whether similar biases can be observed in individuals that lack formal...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics