Effects of Polymorphisms -1112C/T and +2044A/G in Interleukin-13 Gene on Asthma Risk: A Meta-Analysis

Nie, Wei; Liu, Yongan; Bian, Jiarong; Li, Bin; Xiu, Qingyu
February 2013
PLoS ONE;Feb2013, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p1
Academic Journal
Background: Associations between interleukin-13 (IL-13) polymorphisms and asthma risk remained controversial and ambiguous. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis to assess the associations between IL-13 polymorphisms and asthma susceptibility. Methods: Pubmed, EMBASE, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and Wangfang databases were searched. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to calculate the strength of association in the random-effects model. Results: Thirty-four studies were included in this meta-analysis. The results indicated that IL13 -1112C/T polymorphism was significantly associated with asthma risk (OR = 1.20, 95% CI 1.08–1.34, P = 0.0009) in a dominant genetic model. When stratifying for race, IL13 -1112C/T polymorphism exhibited increased asthma risk in Caucasians (OR = 1.30, 95% CI 1.09–1.55, P = 0.003), while no significant association was found in Asians and African Americans. In the subgroup analysis based on atopic status, significant association was observed in atopic patients (OR = 1.25, 95% CI 1.07–1.45, P = 0.004) but not in the non-atopic patients. In addition, a significant association between IL13+2044A/G polymorphism and asthma risk was observed (OR = 1.18, 95% CI 1.08–1.28, P = 0.0002). In the subgroup analysis by ethnicity, there were significant associations between IL13+2044A/G polymorphism and asthma risk in Asians (OR = 1.19, 95% CI 1.04–1.36, P = 0.01) and Caucasians (OR = 1.22, 95% CI 1.06–1.40, P = 0.005) but not in African Americans. In the subgroup analysis stratified by atopic status, a marginal significant association was found in atopic patients (OR = 1.12, 95% CI 1.00–1.26, P = 0.05). Conclusions: This meta-analysis suggested that the IL13 -1112C/T and +2044A/G polymorphisms were risk factors for asthma.


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