TITLE

VOC Contamination in Hospital, from Stationary Sampling of a Large Panel of Compounds, in View of Healthcare Workers and Patients Exposure Assessment

AUTHOR(S)
Bessonneau, Vincent; Mosqueron, Luc; Berrubé, Adèle; Mukensturm, Gaël; Buffet-Bataillon, Sylvie; Gangneux, Jean-Pierre; Thomas, Olivier
PUB. DATE
February 2013
SOURCE
PLoS ONE;Feb2013, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: We aimed to assess, for the first time, the nature of the indoor air contamination of hospitals. Methods and Findings: More than 40 volatile organic compounds (VOCs) including aliphatic, aromatic and halogenated hydrocarbons, aldehydes, alcohols, ketones, ethers and terpenes were measured in a teaching hospital in France, from sampling in six sampling sites – reception hall, patient room, nursing care, post-anesthesia care unit, parasitology-mycology laboratory and flexible endoscope disinfection unit – in the morning and in the afternoon, during three consecutive days. Our results showed that the main compounds found in indoor air were alcohols (arithmetic means ± SD: 928±958 µg/m3 and 47.9±52.2 µg/m3 for ethanol and isopropanol, respectively), ethers (75.6±157 µg/m3 for ether) and ketones (22.6±20.6 µg/m3 for acetone). Concentrations levels of aromatic and halogenated hydrocarbons, ketones, aldehydes and limonene were widely variable between sampling sites, due to building age and type of products used according to health activities conducted in each site. A high temporal variability was observed in concentrations of alcohols, probably due to the intensive use of alcohol-based hand rubs in all sites. Qualitative analysis of air samples led to the identification of other compounds, including siloxanes (hexamethyldisiloxane, octamethyltrisiloxane, decamethylcyclopentasiloxane), anesthetic gases (sevoflurane, desflurane), aliphatic hydrocarbons (butane), esters (ethylacetate), terpenes (camphor, α-bisabolol), aldehydes (benzaldehyde) and organic acids (benzoic acid) depending on sites. Conclusion: For all compounds, concentrations measured were lower than concentrations known to be harmful in humans. However, results showed that indoor air of sampling locations contains a complex mixture of VOCs. Further multicenter studies are required to compare these results. A full understanding of the exposure of healthcare workers and patients to complex mixtures of chemical compounds can then be related to potential health outcomes.
ACCESSION #
87623824

 

Related Articles

  • A pilot study of bioaerosol reduction using an air cleaning system during dental procedures. Hallier, C.; Williams, D. W.; Potts, A. J. C.; Lewis, M. A. O. // British Dental Journal;10/23/2010, Vol. 209 Issue 8, pE14 

    Background Bioaerosols are defined as airborne particles of liquid or volatile compounds that contain living organisms or have been released from living organisms. The creation of bioaerosols is a recognized consequence of certain types of dental treatment and represents a potential mechanism...

  • DOULEURS POSTOPERATOIRES: EVALUATION DE SA PRISE EN CHARGE AU CHU DU POINT G. Traoré, D.; Coulibaly, B.; Togola, B.; Traoré, L. N.; Diallo, S.; Ba, B.; Tembely, G.; Siby, O.; Kanikomo, D.; Diallo, O.; Traoré, H.; Keita, M.; Coulibaly, Y.; Ongoïba, N.; Sissoko, F.; Traoré, A. K. dit Diop // Mali Médical;2013, Vol. 28 Issue 2, p5 

    Objective: To Evaluate the management of postoperative pain in the teaching hospital of Point G. Patients and methods: We carried out an exploratory study in 2008 year. Criteria inclusion of the personnel: to be agent in one of the departments of surgery or anaesthesia reanimation, laid out to...

  • Air Sampling and Analysis of Volatile Organic Compounds with Solid Phase Microextraction. Koziel, Jacek A.; Pawliszyn, Janusz // Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association (Air & Waste M;Feb2001, Vol. 51 Issue 2, p173 

    Solid phase microextraction (SPME) presents many advantages over conventional analytical methods by combining sampling, preconcentration, and direct transfer of the analytes into a standard gas chromatograph (GC). Since its commercial introduction in the early 1990s, SPME has been successfully...

  • Feeling Good.  // Indianapolis Monthly;May2004 Second Issue, Vol. 27 Issue 11, p151 

    The article presents information on teaching hospitals, research facilities and specialty health care centers in Indianapolis, Indiana. Numerous health networks in the city ensure that hospitals are located throughout the geographic area, and the well-being of city residents is in the hands of...

  • Drug-use practices in teaching hospitals of Khartoum State, Sudan. Awad, Abdelmoneim Ismael; Himad, Hossam Ahmed // European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology;Dec2006, Vol. 62 Issue 12, p1087 

    The present study was carried out to investigate current prescribing and dispensing practices in the largest two teaching hospitals in Sudan and compare them with those of published studies in developing countries. A descriptive, quantitative and cross-sectional study was conducted among...

  • Anaesthesia trainees' exposure to regional anaesthesia in an Australian tertiary adult teaching hospital. RUSSELL, T.; CLARKE, R.; GARDNER, A.; HENNESSY, B.; WATTS, S. A. // Anaesthesia & Intensive Care;May2011, Vol. 39 Issue 3, p472 

    The article discusses the results of a study which examines the experience of anaesthetic trainees in regional anaesthesia in a tertiary adult teaching hospital in Australia. According to the authors, ultrasound use and catheter techniques during regional anaesthesia were constant throughout the...

  • Susceptible Healthcare Professionals. Ronaldi, Alley // World Medical Journal;Feb2013, Vol. 59 Issue 1, p22 

    The article focuses on decline in vaccination rate of healthcare professionals (HCPs). A survey conducted at a teaching hospital in France found that immunization rate of HCPs and other healthcare workers is only 30%. The author stresses that vaccination of HCPs will not only to avoid harm to...

  • Private hospitals worry NLRB ruling will spark intern, resident disputes. Levenson, Deborah // AHA News;12/06/1999, Vol. 35 Issue 47, p1 

    Reports on the reaction of the teaching hospitals in the United States to a National Labor Relations ruling forcing private institutions' to recognize house staff unions. Contention of the interns' and residents' union; Employment status of house staff at private hospitals; Significance of...

  • Investigating the Relationship between Organizational Social Capital and Service Quality in Teaching Hospitals. Farzianpour, Fereshteh; Fouroshani, Abass Rahimi; Vahidi, Reza Gholi; Arab, Mohamad; Mohamadi, Amjad // American Journal of Economics & Business Administration;2011, Vol. 3 Issue 2, p425 

    The article presents a study on the relationship between organizational capital and service quality in teaching hospitals in Tabriz, Iran. It discusses how the study was conducted which is a cross-sectional, descriptive-analytic evaluation of teaching hospitals. The findings reportedly showed...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics