Critical Song Features for Auditory Pattern Recognition in Crickets

Meckenhäuser, Gundula; Hennig, R. Matthias; Nawrot, Martin P.
February 2013
PLoS ONE;Feb2013, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p1
Academic Journal
Many different invertebrate and vertebrate species use acoustic communication for pair formation. In the cricket Gryllus bimaculatus, females recognize their species-specific calling song and localize singing males by positive phonotaxis. The song pattern of males has a clear structure consisting of brief and regular pulses that are grouped into repetitive chirps. Information is thus present on a short and a long time scale. Here, we ask which structural features of the song critically determine the phonotactic performance. To this end we employed artificial neural networks to analyze a large body of behavioral data that measured females’ phonotactic behavior under systematic variation of artificially generated song patterns. In a first step we used four non-redundant descriptive temporal features to predict the female response. The model prediction showed a high correlation with the experimental results. We used this behavioral model to explore the integration of the two different time scales. Our result suggested that only an attractive pulse structure in combination with an attractive chirp structure reliably induced phonotactic behavior to signals. In a further step we investigated all feature sets, each one consisting of a different combination of eight proposed temporal features. We identified feature sets of size two, three, and four that achieve highest prediction power by using the pulse period from the short time scale plus additional information from the long time scale.


Related Articles

  • Short-term memory for auditory and visual durations: evidence for selective interference effects. Rattat, Anne-Claire; Picard, Delphine // Psychological Research;Jan2012, Vol. 76 Issue 1, p32 

    The present study sought to determine the format in which visual, auditory and auditory-visual durations ranging from 400 to 600 ms are encoded and maintained in short-term memory, using suppression conditions. Participants compared two stimulus durations separated by an interval of 8 s. During...

  • Simulated neural dynamics of decision-making in an auditory delayed match-to-sample task. Wen, Shilbua; Ulloa, Antomio; Husain, Fatima; Horwitz, Barry; Contreras-Vidal, José L. // Biological Cybernetics;Jul2008, Vol. 99 Issue 1, p15 

    An important goal of research on the cognitive neuroscience of decision-making is to produce a comprehensive model of behavior that flows from perception to action with all of the intermediate steps defined. To understand the mechanisms of perceptual decision-making for an auditory...

  • Previous Motor Experience Enhances Courtship Behavior in Male Cricket Gryllus bimaculatus. Varvara Dyakonova; Alexey Krushinsky // Journal of Insect Behavior;May2008, Vol. 21 Issue 3, p172 

    Abstract  In crickets Gryllus bimaculatus, flight has been shown to be able to promote aggressive encounters between males and to suppress escape behavior. The aim of this study was to examine the influence of flight on male behavior in male–female interactions. We found that flown...

  • Dyslexia's roots traced to bad chat in the brain. Makin, Simon // New Scientist;12/14/2013, Vol. 220 Issue 2947, p12 

    The article discusses a study by Sophie Scott at England's University College London in the journal "Science" that suggests people with dyslexia have brains in which the language network fails to communicate properly and that noninvasive brain stimulation techniques may restore connectivity.

  • Temporal resolution for calling song signals by female crickets, Gryllus bimaculatus. Schneider, E.; Hennig, R. // Journal of Comparative Physiology A: Neuroethology, Sensory, Neu;Mar2012, Vol. 198 Issue 3, p181 

    A behavioural gap detection paradigm was used to determine the temporal resolution for song patterns by female crickets, Gryllus bimaculatus. For stimuli with a modulation depth of 100% the critical gap duration was 6-8 ms. A reduction of the modulation depth of gaps to 50% led either to an...

  • Science & Music: The neural roots of music. Trainor, Laurel // Nature;5/29/2008, Vol. 453 Issue 7195, p598 

    An essay is presented on how the emotional power of music depends on the structure of the ear. It states that music is subject both to general constraints of the neural system as well as to specific constraints of the auditory processing capacities. Furthermore, author notes that the use of...

  • Information content and robustness of various types of codes in integrate and fire networks presented with naturalistic stimuli. Mazzoni, Alberto; Brunel, Nicolas; Kayser, Christoph; Magri, Cesare; Logothetis, Nikos K.; Panzeri, Stefano // BMC Neuroscience;2009 Supplement 1, Vol. 10, Special section p1 

    Several candidate neural codes have been proposed to convey sensory information, from spike count to spike patterns, to the timing of spikes relative to oscillations in the Local Field Potential (LFP). Recent experimental studies compared the information content of different codes in V1 and A1....

  • Behavioral response to antennal tactile stimulation in the field cricket Gryllus bimaculatus. Okada, Jiro; Akamine, Seiryo // Journal of Comparative Physiology A: Neuroethology, Sensory, Neu;Jul2012, Vol. 198 Issue 7, p557 

    We examined behavioral responses of the field cricket Gryllus bimaculatus to tactile stimuli to the antennae. Three stimulants of similar shape and size but different textures were used: a tibia from the hunting spider Heteropoda venatoria (potential predator), a tibia from the orb-web spider...

  • Sexual selection in the cricket Gryllus bimaculatus : no good genes? Rolando Rodríguez-Muñoz; Amanda Bretman; Jarrod Hadfield // Genetica;Sep2008, Vol. 134 Issue 1, p129 

    Abstract  Recent studies have suggested that females of the field cricket Gryllus bimaculatus exercise post-copulatory choice over the paternity of their offspring. There is evidence that these choices are made in relation to the genetic compatibility of mates rather than their...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics