Individual, Environmental, and Meteorological Predictors of Daily Personal Ultraviolet Radiation Exposure Measurements in a United States Cohort Study

Cahoon, Elizabeth Khaykin; Wheeler, David C.; Kimlin, Michael G.; Kwok, Richard K.; Alexander, Bruce H.; Little, Mark P.; Linet, Martha S.; Freedman, Daryl Michal
February 2013
PLoS ONE;Feb2013, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p1
Academic Journal
Background: Individual exposure to ultraviolet radiation (UVR) is challenging to measure, particularly for diseases with substantial latency periods between first exposure and diagnosis of outcome, such as cancer. To guide the choice of surrogates for long-term UVR exposure in epidemiologic studies, we assessed how well stable sun-related individual characteristics and environmental/meteorological factors predicted daily personal UVR exposure measurements. Methods: We evaluated 123 United States Radiologic Technologists subjects who wore personal UVR dosimeters for 8 hours daily for up to 7 days (N = 837 days). Potential predictors of personal UVR derived from a self-administered questionnaire, and public databases that provided daily estimates of ambient UVR and weather conditions. Factors potentially related to personal UVR exposure were tested individually and in a model including all significant variables. Results: The strongest predictors of daily personal UVR exposure in the full model were ambient UVR, latitude, daily rainfall, and skin reaction to prolonged sunlight (R2 = 0.30). In a model containing only environmental and meteorological variables, ambient UVR, latitude, and daily rainfall were the strongest predictors of daily personal UVR exposure (R2 = 0.25). Conclusions: In the absence of feasible measures of individual longitudinal sun exposure history, stable personal characteristics, ambient UVR, and weather parameters may help estimate long-term personal UVR exposure.


Related Articles

  • Behavioral Counseling to Prevent Skin Cancer: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement. Moyer, Virginia A. // Annals of Internal Medicine;7/3/2012, Vol. 157 Issue 1, following p59 

    Description: Update of the 2003 U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation statement on counseling to prevent skin cancer. Methods: The USPSTF performed a targeted literature search for new evidence that counseling patients about sun protection reduces intermediate outcomes...

  • Towards SunSmart school policies in South Africa. Wright, Caradee Y.; Mundackal, Anthony J.; Oosthuizen, Maria A.; Albers, Patricia N. // South African Journal of Science;Sep/Oct2014, Vol. 110 Issue 9/10, p1 

    The article offers information on a descriptive epidemiological study which examines the sun protection policy in primary schools in South Africa. It mentions that the study was conducted in 24 schools from August to October 2012 wherein questionnaires were distributed to seventh-grade pupils....

  • Black boxes and modifiable exposures. Olsen, Jörn // Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health;Jul2013, Vol. 39 Issue 4, p424 

    A letter to the editor related to the adoption of the black box approach as a practice in epidemiology for knowing the association between external exposures and health outcomes is presented.

  • Treatment of locally advanced carcinomas of head and neck with intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) in combination with cetuximab and chemotherapy: the REACH protocol. Habl, Gregor; Jensen, Alexandra D.; Potthoff, Karin; Uhl, Matthias; Hof, Holger; Hajda, Jacek; Simon, Christian; Debus, Jürgen; Krempien, Robert; Münter, Marc W. // BMC Cancer;2010, Vol. 10, p651 

    Background: Primary treatment of carcinoma of the oro-/hypopharynx or larynx may consist of combined platinum-containing chemoradiotherapy. In order to improve clinical outcome (i.e. local control/overall survival), combined therapy is intensified by the addition of the EGFR inhibitor cetuximab...

  • Standardized cine-loop documentation in renal ultrasound facilitates skill-mix between radiographer and radiologist. Gaarder, Mario; Seierstad, Therese; Søreng, Robin; Drolsum, Anders; Begum, Kubra; Dormagen, Johann Baptist // Acta Radiologica;Mar2015, Vol. 56 Issue 3, p368 

    The article presents a study which compares the roles of radiographers and radiologists in performing the standardized cine-loop documentation at renal ultrasound facilitates. It details the methodology and materials used in assessing the clinical translation and radiological outcomes. The study...

  • Protect yourself from the sun's darker side.  // Executive Health's Good Health Report;Aug99, Vol. 35 Issue 11, p6 

    Provides information on skin cancer. Overexposure to ultraviolet light from the sun as cause; Types of skin cancer; Protection tips.

  • What's you skin cancer risk? Eberlein, Tamara // Redbook;Aug93, Vol. 181 Issue 4, pG-2 

    Discusses the importance of knowing one's personal risk factors for skin cancer prevention. Effect of ultraviolet (UV) rays; Lifestyle changes; Complete exam by a dermatologist; Melanoma as one of women's leading cancers; Metastasis; Diagnosis; Treatment; Other skin cancers; Facts about using...

  • Thwarting skin cancer with sun sense. Strange, Carolyn J. // FDA Consumer;Jul/Aug95, Vol. 29 Issue 6, p10 

    Reports on the prevention of skin cancer. Prevalence of skin cancer in the United States; Effect of sunlight on the skin; Three types of skin cancer; Effect of ultraviolet rays on DNA; Risk from ultraviolet radiation; Protecting against ultraviolet radiation. INSETS: Sunlamps--not a bright...

  • Enzyme appears to correctly reproduce UV-damaged DNA. Raymond, Joan // Dermatology Times;Sep99, Vol. 20 Issue 9, p16 

    Reports that researchers at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, Texas have identified a mechanism that may protect sun-worshippers from developing skin cancers. Investigation into how the simple eukaryotic organism Saccharomyces cerevisiac can overcome ultraviolet (UV) damage;...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics