TITLE

There Is No Free Won’t: Antecedent Brain Activity Predicts Decisions to Inhibit

AUTHOR(S)
Filevich, Elisa; Kühn, Simone; Haggard, Patrick
PUB. DATE
February 2013
SOURCE
PLoS ONE;Feb2013, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Inhibition of prepotent action is an important aspect of self-control, particularly in social contexts. Action inhibition and its neural bases have been extensively studied. However, the neural precursors of free decisions to inhibit have hardly been studied. We asked participants to freely choose to either make a rapid key press in response to a visual cue, or to transiently inhibit action, and briefly delay responding. The task required a behavioural response on each trial, so trials involving inhibition could be distinguished from those without inhibition as those showing slower reaction times. We used this criterion to classify free-choice trials as either rapid or inhibited/delayed. For 13 participants, we measured the mean amplitude of the ERP activity at electrode Cz in three subsequent 50 ms time windows prior to the onset of the signal that either instructed to respond or inhibit, or gave participants a free choice. In two of these 50 ms time windows (−150 to −100, and −100 to −50 ms relative to action onset), the amplitude of prestimulus ERP differed between trials where participants ”freely” chose whether to inhibit or to respond rapidly. Larger prestimulus ERP amplitudes were associated with trials in which participants decided to act rapidly as compared to trials in which they decided to delay their responses. Last-moment decisions to inhibit or delay may depend on unconscious preparatory neural activity.
ACCESSION #
87623406

 

Related Articles

  • Sequencing Biological and Physical Events Affects Specific Frequency Bands within the Human Premotor Cortex: An Intracerebral EEG Study. Caruana, Fausto; Sartori, Ivana; Lo Russo, Giorgio; Avanzini, Pietro // PLoS ONE;Jan2014, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p1 

    Evidence that the human premotor cortex (PMC) is activated by cognitive functions involving the motor domain is classically explained as the reactivation of a motor program decoupled from its executive functions, and exploited for different purposes by means of a motor simulation. In contrast,...

  • Effects of Physical Exercise on Individual Resting State EEG Alpha Peak Frequency. Gutmann, Boris; Mierau, Andreas; Hülsdünker, Thorben; Hildebrand, Carolin; Przyklenk, Axel; Hollmann, Wildor; Strüder, Heiko Klaus // Neural Plasticity;2/10/2015, Vol. 2015, p1 

    Previous research has shown that both acute and chronic physical exercises can induce positive effects on brain function and this is associated with improvements in cognitive performance. However, the neurophysiological mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of exercise on cognitive...

  • Reliability of Resting-State Microstate Features in Electroencephalography. Khanna, Arjun; Pascual-Leone, Alvaro; Farzan, Faranak // PLoS ONE;Dec2014, Vol. 9 Issue 12, p1 

    Background: Electroencephalographic (EEG) microstate analysis is a method of identifying quasi-stable functional brain states (“microstates”) that are altered in a number of neuropsychiatric disorders, suggesting their potential use as biomarkers of neurophysiological health and...

  • EEG to Primary Rewards: Predictive Utility and Malleability by Brain Stimulation. Prause, Nicole; Siegle, Greg J.; Deblieck, Choi; Wu, Allan; Iacoboni, Marco // PLoS ONE;11/30/2016, Vol. 11 Issue 11, p1 

    Theta burst stimulation (TBS) is thought to affect reward processing mechanisms, which may increase and decrease reward sensitivity. To test the ability of TBS to modulate response to strong primary rewards, participants hypersensitive to primary rewards were recruited. Twenty men and women with...

  • Absorbed in the task: Personality measures predict engagement during task performance as tracked by error negativity and asymmetrical frontal activity. Mattie Tops // Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience;Dec2010, Vol. 10 Issue 4, p441 

    We hypothesized that interactions between traits and context predict task engagement, as measured by the amplitude of the error-related negativity (ERN), performance, and relative frontal activity asymmetry (RFA). In Study 1, we found that drive for reward, absorption, and constraint...

  • Unique and shared roles of the posterior parietal and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in cognitive functions. Katsuki, Fumi; Constantinidis, Christos; Bucci, David J.; Averbeck, Bruno B.; Procyk, Emmanuel // Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience;May2012, p1 

    The dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (PFC) and posterior parietal cortex (PPC) are two parts of a broader brain network involved in the control of cognitive functions such as working-memory, spatial attention, and decision-making. The two areas share many functional properties and exhibit similar...

  • The free will delusion. Harris, Sam // New Statesman;12/19/2011, Vol. 140 Issue 5084/5085, p46 

    The article discusses scientific and philosophical questions of the concept of free will, arguing that it cannot be explained as a cause of conscious human behavior. Examples are given of research experiments that traced or even predicted conscious human decisions within the brain. The author...

  • Networking of psychophysics, psychology, and neurophysiology. West, Bruce J.; Grigolini, Paolo // Frontiers in Physiology;Nov2012, Vol. 3, p1 

    The authors reflect on a program launched by the Army Research Laboratory (ARL) on the network science of decision making in humans. They believe that the program suggests new methods of transfering information through local cooperation. They note that the activity offers details on the use of...

  • Functional Dissociation between Medial and Lateral Prefrontal Cortical Spatiotemporal Activation in Negative and Positive Emotions: A Combined fMRI/MEG Study. Northoff, Georg; Richter, Andre; Gessner, Matthias; Schlagenhauf, Florian; Fell, Jürgen; Baumgart, Frank; Kaulisch, Thomas; Kötter, Rolf; Stephan, Klaas E.; Leschinger, Andreas; Hagner, Tilman; Bargel, Bela; Witzel, Thomas; Hinrichs, Hermann; Bogerts, Bernhard; Scheich, Henning; Heinze, Hans-Jochen // Cerebral Cortex;Jan2000, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p93 

    The orbitofrontal cortex has been cytoarchitectonically and connectionally subdivided into a medial and a lateral part which are assumed to subserve distinct functions in emotional processing. However the exact spatiotemporal mechanisms of negative and positive emotional processing in medial and...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics