Mycobacterium mavinum Infection in a Blue-fronted Amazon Parrot {Amazona aestiva)

Hannon, David E.; Bemis, David A.; Garner, Michael M.
December 2012
Journal of Avian Medicine & Surgery;Dec2012, Vol. 26 Issue 4, p239
Academic Journal
A blue-fronted Amazon parrot (Amazona aestiva) was presented with a granuloma involving the proximal rhinotheca and extending into the rostral sinuses. Mycobacterium marinum was diagnosed based on results of biopsy and culture. Treatment was initiated with clarithromycin, rifampin, and ethambutol, but the bird died 4 months after the onset of antimicrobial therapy. Additional granulomas were found in the left lung and liver on postmortem examination. Mycobacterial isolation on postmortem samples was unsuccessful. This is the first report of Mycobacterium marinum in a bird.


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