Osmanlı Devleti'nde Cadı Avı Var mıydı? (Karsılastırmalı Bir Đnceleme)

Doğan, Cem
March 2013
Journal of History, Culture & Art Research / Tarih Kültür ve S;Mar2013, Vol. 2 Issue 1, p218
Academic Journal
Witchcraft, namely putting a spell on someone in a general meaning is a traditionally ritual of early pagan societies. In the middle ages, thousands of people was sentenced to torture or death by accusing witchcraft and wondering and harming people around. As we look at the Ottoman Empire, we will see that there were some people who were accused by being a witch and exiled, or burned after their deaths by opening their graves. This study discusses the place of witchcraft and witches in the Western tradition and examines the trials of witchcraft both in Western and Ottoman societies. In addition to this, the attitude of the Ottoman State to witchcraft and witches also to be held. Cadılık yani genel anlamıyla düsünüldüğünde kötü emellerle büyü yapma geleneği, aslen erken dönem pagan toplumlarında görülen bir âdettir. Ortaçağ Avrupa'sında da engizisyon tarafından büyücülükle ve geceleri dolasarak insanlara kötülük etmekle suçlanan binlerce kisi, "cadı" oldukları iddiasıyla iskenceye ve ölüme mahkûm edilmistir. Osmanlı Devletine baktığımızda ise yine cadılıkla suçlanan ve bu nedenle yer değistirme, öldükten sonra mezarı açılarak yakılma gibi birtakım cezalara çarptırılan kisilerin var olduğunu görürüz. Bu çalısmada, cadılığın ve cadıların Batı geleneğindeki yeri ve cadılığa iliskin görülen davalar incelenmis ve Osmanlı'da cadılığa ve devletin cadılara yönelik tutumu tetkik edilmis ve Osmanlı toplumu ile Batı toplumlarında Cadılığı yaklasım ile ilgili karsılastırmalı bir inceleme yapılmıstır.


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