OKYERE, Charles Y.; YACOUBA, Yira; GILGENBACH, Dominik
May 2013
Theoretical & Empirical Researches in Urban Management;May2013, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p45
Academic Journal
Accra, the capital city of Ghana, like many cities in Africa (especially Sub-Saharan Africa) is vulnerable to natural hazards and disasters. The cause of natural disasters and hazards in Ghana has been mainly from water through flooding or stormy rain or drought, and bush fires. The occurrences of floods in Accra have become an annual event with severe consequences mostly felt by the urban poor. We present a brief discussion on the annual occurrences of floods in Accra, Ghana by adopting an integrated approach including hydrological, economic and political perspectives. The social and economic damage costs of floods in Accra and Ghana are presented and analyzed. Case study of recent types and causes of floods in Accra are presented. The weaknesses in the responses to the management of floods in Accra and Ghana are indicated. We also argue that for measures taken in dealing with the annual occurrences of floods in Accra to be effective, the hydrological, economic and political perspectives have to be integrated. The first measure should target the flood-prone areas and these should be "proactive" measures rather than "reactive" measures. Further, the impacts of floods are not evenly distributed with the worse affected areas and people being the slums and urban poor respectively. We conclude by making some recommendations to help improve the intervention options and protection measures available to policy makers in ensuring that Accra becomes a flood-free city and also highlights areas for future research.


Related Articles

  • Study on Various Measures for Flood in Specific Region: A Case Study of the 2008 Lao Flood. Kounsana, Douangmala; Takahashi, Toru // World Academy of Science, Engineering & Technology;Oct2012, Issue 70, p1018 

    In recent years, the number of natural disasters in Laos has a trend to increase, especially the disaster of flood. To make a flood plan risk management in the future, it is necessary to understand and analyze the characteristics of the rainfall and Mekong River level data. To reduce the damage,...

  • Disaster as a Springboard for Thriving, Resilient Communities. Stilger, Bob // Reflections;2013, Vol. 13 Issue 2, p26 

    What happens when catastrophe fundamentally shifts the world we know? In March 11, 2011, the triple disasters of earthquake, tsunami, and radiation leak devastated northeastern Japan. In the aftermath of the tragedy, people from throughout the country began to gather not just to share their...

  • NWFP Flood Aid Appeal.  // Parliamentarian;2008, Vol. 89 Issue 4, p326 

    The article discusses efforts to provide relief for floods in the North-West Frontier Province of Pakistan. The area's government has established camps for the population affected by the flood, providing food, clean drinking water, and medical services to displaced people. A request for...

  • The Rules of Survival. Galvin, John // Popular Mechanics;Oct2009, Vol. 186 Issue 10, p66 

    The article focuses on the ways people should face life-threatening situations like floods, which can push the limits of human endurance. The author emphasizes that people must be prepared to face disasters and take smart decisions under pressure. He mentions certain traits including preparing...

  • Island assembles disaster plan. Ceniceros, Roberto // Business Insurance;5/8/2006, Vol. 40 Issue 19, p36 

    The article describes preparations made by companies in case of catastrophic flooding in Hawaii. The deadly Indian Ocean tsunami in 2004 and the flooding following Hurricane Katrina last year reinforced the need for areas, such as Hawaii, that could be vulnerable to catastrophic flooding risks...

  • We survived fire, and we'll survive rain. Hoffman, Linda // Northern Colorado Business Report;10/18/2013, Vol. 19 Issue 2, p30 

    In this article the author's views are presented related to the emergency management during the flood in Larimer County, Colorado in 2013. She focuses on the responsibility of individual for emergency management during the flood. She mentions that the primary responsibility is to protect the...

  • Disaster Management Issues of Pakistan : An Analytical View for a Viable Way Forward. Ahmad, Bashir // IBA Business Review;2012, Vol. 7 Issue 1, p64 

    Disaster management is a dilemma in Pakistan; despite having experienced number of natural and manmade disasters in its short history, we are far off from the satisfactory arrangements. With all the policies and strategies worked out in apparent details/claims, we fall prey to paralysis at the...

  • TRANSPORTATION SOLUTIONS FOR CATASTROPHIC NATURAL DISASTERS. Hall, Bryan; Harper Jr., Ralph L. // Journal of Global Intelligence & Policy;Fall2012, Vol. 5 Issue 8, p1 

    This paper provides a brief historical context of emergency management, introduces the National Response Framework (NRF), describes the Emergency Support Functions (ESFs). ESF 1 - Transportation, and offers viable transportation solutions to local, State, and Federal leaders for each of the...

  • FEMA Warning Of Flood Season. Harmon, Jennifer // National Mortgage News;5/22/2006, Vol. 30 Issue 33, p2 

    The article reports on the call of the Federal Emergency Management Agency to the Americans regarding the preparation of their homes and business for the flood risks associated with what promises to be another very active storm season in the U.S. The call was made in response to the population's...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics