TITLE

Overexpression of TaHSF3 in Transgenic Arabidopsis Enhances Tolerance to Extreme Temperatures

AUTHOR(S)
Zhang, Shuangxi; Xu, Zhao-Shi; Li, Pansong; Yang, Le; Wei, Yiqin; Chen, Ming; Li, Liancheng; Zhang, Gaisheng; Ma, Youzhi
PUB. DATE
June 2013
SOURCE
Plant Molecular Biology Reporter;Jun2013, Vol. 31 Issue 3, p688
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Heat shock factors (HSFs) in plants regulate heat stress response by mediating expression of a set of heat shock protein (HSP) genes. In the present study, we isolated a novel heat shock gene, TaHSF3, encoding a protein of 315 amino acids in wheat. Phylogenetic analysis showed that TaHSF3 belonged to HSF class B2. Subcellular localization analysis indicated that TaHSF3 localized in nuclei. TaHSF3 was highly expressed in wheat spikes and showed intermediate expression levels in roots, stems, and leaves under normal conditions. It was highly upregulated in wheat seedlings by heat and cold and to a lesser extent by drought and NaCl and ABA treatments. Overexpression of TaHSF3 in Arabidopsis enhanced tolerance to extreme temperatures. Frequency of survival of three TaHSF3 transgenic Arabidopsis lines was 75-91 % after heat treatment and 85-95 % after freezing treatment compared to 25 and 10 %, respectively, in wild-type plants (WT). Leaf chlorophyll contents of the transformants were higher (0.52-0.67 mg/g) than WT (0.35 mg/g) after heat treatment, and the relative electrical conductivities of the transformants after freezing treatment were lower (from 17.56 to 18.6 %) than those of WT (37.5 %). The TaHSF3 gene from wheat therefore confers tolerance to extreme temperatures in transgenic Arabidopsis by activating HSPs, such as HSP70.
ACCESSION #
87583975

 

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