Occupational stress and self-rated health among nurses

Theme Filha, Mariza Miranda; de Souza Costa, Maria Aparecida; Rodrigues Guilam, Maria Cristina
March 2013
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem (RLAE);Mar/Apr2013, Vol. 21 Issue 2, p476
Academic Journal
Objective: To analyze the association between job stress and self-rated health among nurses in public hospital emergency units. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study undertaken through the administration of a self-administered questionnaire in a sample of 134 health professionals, using the brief version of the Job Stress Scale. Descriptive analyses of the socio-demographic, health and work variables were undertaken, as was multivariate analysis through unconditional logistic regression for adjustment of the association between job stress and poor self-rated health, in accordance with potential confounding variables, with a level of significance of 5%. Results: 70% of the interviewees were classified as passive workers or as with high strain. Poor self-rated health was significantly greater among health professionals with high demand and low control, compared to those with low strain, after adjusting for co-variables. Conclusions: Low control, allied with low demand, can serve as a demotivating factor, contributing to the increase in professional dissatisfaction. It is recommended that institutions should adopt a policy of planning and managing human resources so as to encourage the participation of health professionals in decision-making, with a view to reducing job stress among nurses.


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