Synthesis of boron nitride nanofibers and measurement of their hydrogen uptake capacity

Ma, Renzhi; Bando, Yoshio; Sato, Tadao; Golberg, Dmitri; Zhu, Hongwei; Xu, Cailu; Wu, Dehai
December 2002
Applied Physics Letters;12/30/2002, Vol. 81 Issue 27, p5225
Academic Journal
High-purity boron nitride (BN) nanofibers with diameters ranging from 30 to 100 nm were synthesized. Electron energy loss spectroscopy revealed that they have stoichiometric BN composition. The hydrogen uptake capacity measurements showed that the fibers could adsorb 2.9 wt % hydrogen under ∼ 10 MPa at room temperature. This hydrogen uptake capacity was compared with those of BN multiwalled or bamboo-like nanotubes under the same experimental conditions. It was suggested that the unique morphology of nanofibers, namely open-ended BN edge layers on the exterior surface, might facilitate hydrogen adsorption.


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