Morphology of actinide-rich particles released from the BOMARC accident and collected from soil post remediation

Bowen, James; Glover, Samuel; Spitz, Henry
May 2013
Journal of Radioanalytical & Nuclear Chemistry;May2013, Vol. 296 Issue 2, p853
Academic Journal
The physical, chemical, and radiological characteristics of material released to the environment from accidents involving nuclear weapon components are dependent upon many factors, especially the manner in which the material is released and delivered to the environment. These characteristics will also be influenced by physical and chemical effects associated with weathering if the material remains exposed to the environment for a long period of time. This study evaluates the morphological characteristics of particles released to the environment as a result of the 1960 BOMARC incident and compares these characteristics to those described following similar incidents at Thule, Greenland (1968) and Palomares, Spain (1966). Each of these incidents involved unique circumstances and conditions that distributed actinide-rich particles to the environment with a range of distinctive morphological characteristics. Morphological and surface elemental analyses were conducted on a set of discrete particles isolated from samples of post-remediated soil collected at McGuire Air Force Base, the site of the BOMARC incident. Scanning electron microscopy and complimentary energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy were used to perform the analyses. Non-destructive analysis of uranium and plutonium contained in each particle was measured using high-resolution gamma spectrometry. Unique characteristics of the BOMARC samples include some particles exhibiting a smooth, crystalline texture and varying elemental surface distribution of uranium and plutonium, dependent on the particle's morphology.


Related Articles

  • Frequency distribution, isotopic composition and physical characterization of plutonium-bearing particles from the Fig-Quince zone on Runit Island, Enewetak Atoll. Hamilton, Terry F.; Jernströem, Jussi; Martinelli, Roger E.; Kehl, Steven R.; Eriksson, Mats; Williams, Ross W.; Bielewski, Marek; Rivers, Ariel N.; Brown, Thomas A.; Tumey, Scott J.; Betti, Maria // Journal of Radioanalytical & Nuclear Chemistry;Dec2009, Vol. 282 Issue 3, p1019 

    Runit Island on Enewetak Atoll was very heavily impacted by the U.S. nuclear testing campaign in the northern Marshall Islands (1946–58). The primary source of contamination on Runit Island was the 1958 Quince safety test where a large quantity of device plutonium (Pu) was scattered over...

  • Microanalysis of Workplace Dusts from the Mixed Waste Tank Farm of the Hanford Nuclear Reservation. Kaltofen, Marco P. J.; Bergendahl, John // Environmental Engineering Science;Feb2010, Vol. 27 Issue 2, p181 

    In this study, radioactive particles, also known as �hot particles,� were isolated from occupational dust samples collected at the Hanford Nuclear Reservation tank farm site in Hanford, WA. The present study provides previously unreported data on the size and form of workplace dust...

  • Mesure de paramètres spécifiques pour le calcul de dose après inhalation d'aérosols renfermant des éléments transuraniens. Ramounet-Le Gall, B.; Fritsch, P.; Abram, M.C.; Rateau, G.; Grillon, G.; Guillet, K.; Baude, S.; Berard, P.; Ansoborlo, E.; Delforge, J. // Canadian Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology;Jul2002, Vol. 80 Issue 7, p727 

    A review on specific parameter measurements to calculate doses per unit of incorporation according to recommendations of the International Commission of Radiological Protection has been performed for inhaled actinide oxides. Alpha activity distribution of the particles can be obtained by...

  • Hydrothermal synthesis of amorphous spherical-shaped YBO3:Eu3+ and its photoluminescence property. Dalai Jin; Xiaojing Yu; Xiaoqin Xu; Wang, Lina; Longcheng Wang; Naiyan Wang // Journal of Materials Science;Nov2009, Vol. 44 Issue 22, p6144 

    Amorphous spherical Eu doped YBO3 was synthesized by a mild one-step hydrothermal method. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) were used to characterize the as-prepared products. It was demonstrated that the use of urea as alkali source plays the key function in the...

  • Decidedly divided. Hou, Charles // Canada's History;Feb/Mar2013, Vol. 93 Issue 1, p10 

    The article discusses the inability of Canadian Prime Minister John Diefenbaker to decide whether Canada's Bomarc defensive missiles should be fitted with nuclear warheads in the late 1950s.

  • Plutonium isotopes and 137Cs in Dolon settlement near the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test Site: About 50 years after the first nuclear weapon testing. Sakaguchi, A.; Yamamoto, M.; Hoshi, M.; Apsalikov, K. N.; Gusev, B. I. // Journal of Radioanalytical & Nuclear Chemistry;Jun2004, Vol. 260 Issue 3, p543 

    Recent controversies concerning the radiation doses for populations living in the village of Dolon due to the nuclear explosions carried out at the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test Site (SNTS) have encouraged us to evaluate in more detail the levels and distributions of residual long-lived...

  • Matrices for isolation of long-lived radionuclides. Laverov, N.; Yudintsev, S.; Konovalov, E.; Mishevets, T.; Nikonov, B.; Omel’yanenko, B. // Doklady Chemistry;Apr2010, Vol. 431 Issue 2, p102 

    The article offers information on isolation of radionuclides. It states that the radioactive waste is usually produced during making the nuclear fuel. It reports that actinide and rare-earth elements should be handled carefully. It highlights that technetium is the most harmful fission product....

  • A lexicon for consistent description of material images for nuclear forensics. Tamasi, Alison; Cash, Leigh; Eley, Christopher; Porter, Reid; Pugmire, David; Ross, Amy; Ruggiero, Christy; Tandon, Lav; Wagner, Gregory; Walensky, Justin; Wall, Angelique; Wilkerson, Marianne // Journal of Radioanalytical & Nuclear Chemistry;Mar2016, Vol. 307 Issue 3, p1611 

    We have developed a lexicon to consistently and objectively describe morphological features observed in scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images. Here we provide the lexicon flowsheet, define the terminology, and detail step-by-step characterization of SEM images collected from a set of...

  • Tokai 'downwinders' speak out. Rothstein, Linda // Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists;Sep/Oct2001, Vol. 57 Issue 5, p11 

    Discusses how a nuclear accident which occurred in Tokaimura, Japan affected its surrounding community. How the accident happened; Details on a survey conducted by the Japanese Nuclear Safety Commission on the nuclear accident; Information on the physical symptoms reported by the survey...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics