Vulnerability, for Example: Disability Theory as Extraordinary Demand

Kaul, Kate
June 2013
Canadian Journal of Women & the Law;2013, Vol. 25 Issue 1, p81
Academic Journal
Le présent article examine les fonctions de l'analogie et de l'exemple dans la théorie interdisciplinaire de l'incapacité, citant la vulnérabilité comme un exemple éloquent de ce qui unit et oppose les études sur l'incapacité et la théorie féministe. Il place le caractère politique et subjectif de l'incapacité au centre de l'analyse et considère l'interaction entre l'universel et le particulier dans l'opération ou la fonction de l'incapacité comme catégorie. La première partie de l'article, qui porte sur les exemples et les analogies, présente les théories de l'exemple et de l'analogie et les met en relation avec les stratégies de l'exemple et de l'analogie que l'on retrouve dans les études sur l'incapacité et la théorie féministe, surtout dans le travail de Robert McRuer, de Rosemarie Garland-Thomson, de Joan W. Scott et de G. Thomas Couser. La deuxième partie aborde l'analyse de Debra Bergoffen de la vulnérabilité et le concept d'universalité genrée ainsi que la possibilité de l'appliquer à une théorie de l'incapacité. La troisième partie analyse l'articulation de la subjectivité vulnérable de Judith Butler et la notion de sujet vulnérable de Martha Fineman. La quatrième partie se tourne plutôt vers le particulier par la lecture de l'argument de Sherene Razack selon lequel la réforme féministe du droit devrait reconnaître la différence propre à l'incapacité. Cette partie présente également les exemples de Couser et de Paul Longmore sur le fonctionnement précis de la vulnérabilité dans l'expérience de l'incapacité.


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