Suicidal behaviour in old age - results from the Ibadan study of ageing

Ojagbemi, Akin; Oladeji, Bibilola; Abiona, Taiwo; Gureje, Oye
April 2013
BMC Psychiatry;2013, Vol. 13 Issue 1, p1
Academic Journal
Background: An important reason for the high risk of suicide in the elderly is the determination with which they act out their suicidal thoughts. Early identification of suicidal behaviours in the elderly is therefore important for suicide prevention efforts in this population. Method: Data are from the Ibadan Study of Ageing (ISA), a household multi-stage probability sample of 2149 Yoruba Nigerians aged 65 years or older conducted between 2003 and 2004. We used the third version of the World Health Organization (WHO) Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) to explore suicidal experiences and behaviours. In this report, only those experiences or behaviours reported to have occurred after the age of 65 years are the focus of analysis. Derived weights were applied to the data in accordance with the study design and associations were explored using logistic regression. The results are presented as odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals. Result: In all, 4.0% (95% C.I= 3.1-4.2) of the subjects had suicidal ideation occurring after the age of 65 years, while 0.7% (95% C.I=0.4-1.3) and 0.2% (95% C.I= 0.1-0.4) reported suicidal plans and attempts, respectively. There was a significantly elevated likelihood of suicidal ideation among persons who had experienced spousal separation through death or divorce (O.R=4.9., 95% C.I= 1.5-15) or who were residing in rural settings (O.R=2.5, 95% C.I=1.3-4.8). Conclusion: Suicidal ideation is common among the elderly. About 20% and 6% of those with ideation proceed to plans and attempts, respectively. Circumstances of social isolation and exclusion are important correlates of suicidal behaviour in the elderly.


Related Articles

  • Lone-term impact of celebrity suicide on suicidal ideation: results from a population-based study. King-wa Fu; Yip, Paul S. F. // Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health;Jun2007, Vol. 61 Issue 6, p540 

    Background: The short-term effect of celebrity suicide on the overall suicide rate is widely known, but long-term effects remain unclear. Objective: To examine whether celebrity suicide is associated with suicidal ideation over a longer period. Design: This is a study on the effect of the...

  • An acceptance and commitment therapy approach to adolescent suicide. Murrell, Amy R.; Al-Jabari, Rawya; Moyer, Danielle; Novamo, Eliina; Connally, Melissa E. // International Journal of Behavioral Consultation & Therapy;2014, Vol. 9 Issue 3, p41 

    Approximately 4,600 American adolescents commit suicide each year, and adolescent suicide rates are on the rise. The consequences of suicidal behavior are far-reaching, and understanding the development of patterns that contribute to ideation and attempt are crucial to prevention and...

  • Development and Psychometric Evaluation of the Reasons for Living—Older Adults Scale: A Suicide Risk Assessment Inventory. Edelstein, Barry A.; Heisel, Marnin J.; McKee, Deborah R.; Martin, Ronald R.; Koven, Lesley P.; Duberstein, Paul R.; Britton, Peter C. // Gerontologist;Dec2009, Vol. 49 Issue 6, p736 

    Purpose: The purposes of these studies were to develop and initially evaluate the psychometric properties of the Reasons for Living Scale—Older Adult version (RFL-OA), an older adults version of a measure designed to assess reasons for living among individuals at risk for suicide. Design...

  • A Firefighter's Silent Killer: Suicide. ANTONELLIS JR., PAUL J.; THOMPSON, DENISE // Fire Engineering;Dec2012, Vol. 165 Issue 12, p69 

    The article discusses suicide prevention among U.S. firefighters. It notes that the national fire services does not have a method for tracking firefighter suicides and has yet to acknowledge the issue, spending little time and fiscal resources to suicide prevention. Warning signs of suicidal...

  • Situación actual del conocimiento acerca del suicidio en las personas con cáncer. Palacios-Espinosa, Ximena; Ocampo-Palacio, Juan Gabriel // Revista Ciencias de la Salud;ago2011, Vol. 9 Issue 2, p173 

    Aim: To review the current knowledge about suicide in cancer patients. Method: We searched specialized databases using keywords for articles published in the last two decades (1990-2010), and compiled and reviewed them in order to: indicate the prevalence of suicide in cancer patients worldwide...

  • Level of suicidal intent predicts overall mortality and suicide after attempted suicide: a 12-year follow-up study. Suominen, Kirsi; Isometsä, Erkki; Ostamo, Aini; Lönnqvist, Jouko // BMC Psychiatry;2004, Vol. 4, p11 

    Background: The aim of this study was to comprehensively examine clinical risk factors, including suicide intent and hopelessness, for suicide and risk of death from all causes after attempted suicide over a 12-year follow-up period. Methods: A systematic sample of 224 patients from consecutive...

  • Elderly suicides in Korea: time trends and age-associated trends. Shah, Ajit; Guk-Hee Suh // Journal of Chinese Clinical Medicine;2009, Vol. 4 Issue 5, p274 

    Objective Suicide rates generally increase with age. The elderly population of Korea is rapidly increasing. Methods Trends over time in elderly suicide rates over an 18-year period 1985 to 2002 and age-associated trends in suicide rates for each of the five years 1998 to 2002 were examined using...

  • Clinical digest. SUICIDAL PEOPLE OFTEN PRESENT CONTRADICTORY BEHAVIOUR BEFORE DEATH.  // Nursing Standard;11/16/2011, Vol. 26 Issue 11, p14 

    The article discusses research on suicide which was reported in a 2011 issue of the "British Medical Journal" and found that suicidal people often present with contradictory behavior before death and that efforts to help friends and relatives prevent suicide in suicidal people are urgently needed.

  • The literacy educator's role in suicide prevention. Fisher, Douglas // Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy;Feb2005, Vol. 48 Issue 5, p364 

    Discusses the role of literacy educators in suicide prevention. Rate of suicide among the youth in the U.S.; Signs of potential suicide in teens; Risk factors for attempted suicide in youth; Ways for educators to help prevent suicide among youths.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics