Impact of municipal solid waste on environment and human health

Naruka, Kavita
June 2012
Bioherald: International Journal of Biodiversity & Environment;Jun2012, Vol. 2 Issue 1, p25
Academic Journal
Unscientific disposal of municipal solid waste (MSW) in landfills pose a serious threat to the environment as well as human health. These landfills are source of ground water and soil pollution due to the production of leachate. Burning of waste and uncontrolled release of methane by anaerobic decomposition of waste is the major source of air pollution. If hazardous waste from hospitals and industries gets mixed with this waste then it can cause serious health risk. Direct handling of waste causes various types of infection and chronic diseases in waste workers and rag pickers. Other group at risk is the population living close to dumping sites. Therefore, there is an urgent need to manage MSW in a scientific manner. This article is a review on environmental and health hazards due to MSW and is concluded with some fruitful suggestions.


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