STOJANOVIĆ, Dragana UNIĆ; MILIČIĆ, Miroslav; VUKOVIĆ, Petar; BABIĆ, Srđan; JOVIĆ, Miomir
January 2013
Medicinski Pregled / Medical Review;Jan2013, Vol. 66 Issue 1, p64
Academic Journal
Introduction. Patients on dialysis for end-stage renal failure are subjected to cardiac surgery with increasing frequency. End-stage renal failure is known to be an important risk factor for complications of cardiac operations performed with cardiopulmonary bypass. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of preoperative clinical status and operative variables on perioperative morbidity and mortality in hemodialysisdependent patients subjected to a cardiac surgery. Material and Methods. The following operative variables were examined: urgency, type and duration of surgery and duration of extracorporeal circulation. The study is a retrospective analysis of consecutive patients with end-stage renal failure dependent on maintenance hemodialysis who underwent cardiac surgery during four years. Results. The study included 46 patients. Operations performed included isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG, n = 24), valve surgery alone (n = 6), and combined valve surgery or coronary artery bypass grafting and valve surgery (n = 16). The perioperative mortality rate was 13% with four fatal outcomes in patients who had undergone combined cardiac surgery. We found age > 70 years, preoperative New York Heart Association class IV, preoperative anemia, combined surgery and emergent surgery to be associated with a higher relative risk for perioperative death. Conclusion. Patients on dialysis have an increased morbidity and mortality following cardiac surgery; however, we believe that end-stage renal failure should not be regarded as a contraindication to cardiac surgery or cardiopulmonary bypass.


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