TITLE

Quitline Cessation Counseling for Young Adult Smokers: A Randomized Clinical Trial

AUTHOR(S)
Sims, Tammy H.; McAfee, Timothy; Fraser, David L.; Baker, Timothy B.; Fiore, Michael C.; Smith, Stevens S.
PUB. DATE
May 2013
SOURCE
Nicotine & Tobacco Research;May2013, Vol. 15 Issue 5, p932
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Introduction: One in 5 young adults in the United States currently smoke, and young adults are less likely than other smokers to make aided quit attempts. Telephone quitlines may be a useful tool for treating this population. This study tested a quitline-based smoking cessation intervention versus mailed self-help materials in smokers 18–24 years old. Methods: This was a 2-group randomized clinical trial. The quitline-based counseling intervention (CI) included up to 4 proactive telephone counseling sessions; participants in the self-help (SH) group received only mailed cessation materials. Participants included 410 young adults who had smoked at least 1 cigarette in the past 30 days and who called the Wisconsin Tobacco Quit Line (WTQL) for help with quitting. Primary study outcomes included whether or not a quit date was set, whether or not a serious quit attempt was undertaken, and self-reported 7-day point-prevalence abstinence at 1-, 3-, and 6-month postenrollment. Results: The CI and SH groups did not differ in the intent-to-treat abstinence analyses at any of the follow-ups. However, the CI group was significantly more likely to set a quit date at 1-month postenrollment. Follow-up response rates were low (67.8% at 1 month; 53.4% at 3 months; and 48.3% at 6 months) reflecting lower motivation to participate in this kind of research. Conclusions: Relative to self-help, quitline counseling motivated young adults to set a quit date but abstinence rates were not improved. Research is needed on how to motivate young adult smokers to seek cessation treatment including quitline services.
ACCESSION #
86865687

 

Related Articles

  • Gender Differences in Smoking Behaviour and Cessation. Torchalla, Iris; Okoli, Chizimuzo T. C.; Hemsing, Natalie; Greaves, Lorraine // Journal of Smoking Cessation;Apr2011, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p9 

    This article reviews the literature to compare differential outcomes among men and women after smoking cessation, assess barriers they may face during cessation and provide recommendation to address gender-specific challenges in smoking cessation interventions. There is some evidence that women...

  • Comparison of the Cost-Effectiveness of a High- and a Low-Intensity Smoking Cessation Intervention in Sweden: A Randomized Trial. Nohlert, Eva; Helgason, Ásgeir R.; Tillgren, Per; Tegelberg, Åke; Johansson, Pia // Nicotine & Tobacco Research;Sep2013, Vol. 15 Issue 9, p1519 

    Objective: To assess the relative cost-effectiveness of a high-intensity treatment (HIT) and a low-intensity treatment (LIT) for smoking cessation. Methods: The societal and health care perspective economic evaluation was based on the reported number of quitters at 12-month follow-up (point...

  • Can it be Ethical to Apply Limited Resources in Low-income Countries to Ineffective, Low-reach Smoking Cessation Strategies? A Reply to Bitton and Eyal. Chapman, Simon; Mackenzie, Ross // Public Health Ethics;Apr2012, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p29 

    Bitton and Eyal's lengthy critique of our article on unassisted cessation was premised on several straw-man arguments. These are corrected in our reply. It also confused the key concepts of efficacy and effectiveness in assessing the impact of cessation interventions and policies in real-world...

  • Epidemiology of menthol cigarette use in the United States. Caraballo, Ralph S.; Asman, Katherine // Tobacco Induced Diseases;2011 Supplement 1, Vol. 9 Issue Suppl 1, p1 

    Background: Approximately one-fourth of all cigarettes sold in the United States have the descriptor “menthol” on the cigarette pack. It is important to determine what socio-demographic factors are associated with smoking menthol cigarettes if indeed these types of cigarettes are...

  • Race Moderates the Effect of Menthol Cigarette Use on Short-Term Smoking Abstinence. Reitzel, Lorraine R.; Li, Yisheng; Stewart, Diana W.; Cao, Yumei; Wetter, David W.; Waters, Andrew J.; Vidrine, Jennifer I. // Nicotine & Tobacco Research;May2013, Vol. 15 Issue 5, p883 

    Introduction: The Food and Drug Administration is in the process of reviewing evidence of the impact of mentholated cigarettes on smoking behaviors and smoking cessation in order to determine if these products should be removed from the market. More empirical research is needed to inform those...

  • Predictors of Weight Change in Sedentary Smokers Receiving a Standard Smoking Cessation Intervention. Prod’hom, Sylvain; Locatelli, Isabella; Giraudon, Karine; Marques-Vidal, Pedro; Clair, Carole; Bize, Raphaël; Cornuz, Jacques // Nicotine & Tobacco Research;May2013, Vol. 15 Issue 5, p910 

    Introduction: Quitting smoking is associated with weight gain, which may threaten motivation to engage or sustain a quit attempt. The pattern of weight gained by smokers treated according to smoking cessation guidelines has been poorly described. We aimed to determine the weight gained after...

  • Validation of Content of an Online Knowledge Training Program. Brose, Leonie S.; West, Robert; Michie, Susan; McEwen, Andy // Nicotine & Tobacco Research;May2013, Vol. 15 Issue 5, p997 

    No abstract available.

  • Readiness to Quit Smoking and Quit Attempts Among Australian Mental Health Inpatients. Stockings, Emily; Bowman, Jenny; McElwaine, Kathleen; Baker, Amanda; Terry, Margarett; Clancy, Richard; Bartlem, Kate; Wye, Paula; Bridge, Paula; Knight, Jenny; Wiggers, John // Nicotine & Tobacco Research;May2013, Vol. 15 Issue 5, p942 

    Introduction: Mental health inpatients smoke at higher rates than general population smokers. However, provision of nicotine-dependence treatment in inpatient settings is low, with barriers to the provision of such care including staff views that patients do not want to quit. This paper reports...

  • Effectiveness of Motivational Interviewing in Influencing Smoking Cessation in Pregnant and Postpartum Disadvantaged Women. Hayes, Catherine B.; Collins, Claire; O’Carroll, Helen; Wyse, Emma; Gunning, Miriam; Geary, Michael; Kelleher, Cecily C. // Nicotine & Tobacco Research;May2013, Vol. 15 Issue 5, p969 

    Introduction: Systematic assessments of Motivational Interviewing (MI) in smoking behavior have been rare to date. This study aimed to determine whether an integrated approach, involving staff training in MI techniques, was sufficient to affect change in smoking status or intensity in low-income...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics