TITLE

Diamond as a scaffold for bone growth

AUTHOR(S)
Fox, Kate; Palamara, Joseph; Judge, Roy; Greentree, Andrew
PUB. DATE
April 2013
SOURCE
Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine;Apr2013, Vol. 24 Issue 4, p849
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Diamond is an attractive material for biomedical implants. In this work, we investigate its capacity as a bone scaffold. It is well established that the bioactivity of a material can be evaluated by examining its capacity to form apatite-like calcium phosphate phases on its surface when exposed to simulated body fluid. Accordingly, polycrystalline diamond (PCD) and ultrananocrystalline diamond (UNCD) deposited by microwave plasma chemical vapour deposition were exposed to simulated body fluid and assessed for apatite growth when compared to the bulk silicon. Scanning electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy showed that both UNCD and PCD are capable of acting as a bone scaffold. The composition of deposited apatite suggests that UNCD and PCD are suitable for in vivo implantation with UNCD possible favoured in applications where rapid osseointegration is essential.
ACCESSION #
86744886

 

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