Knowledge and Attitudes of Health Care Workers from the Primary Health Centre in Inđija, Serbia on Professional Exposures to Blood-borne Infections

Gajić, Zdenko; Rajčević, Smiljana; Đurić, Predrag; Ilić, Svetlana; Dugandžija, Tihomir
March 2013
Archives of Industrial Hygiene & Toxicology / Arhiv za Higijenu ;Mar2013, Vol. 64 Issue 1, p145
Academic Journal
Exposure to blood-borne infections (HIV, hepatitis B, hepatitis C) poses a serious risk to health care workers (HCWs). The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine the level of knowledge and attitudes on occupational exposure in primary health care. In 2009, a total of 100 health care workers from the Primary Health Care Centre in Inđija, Autonomous Province of Vojvodina, Serbia were included in the study. The results suggested that the health care workers who participated in the survey possess basic knowledge about blood-borne virus transmission routes. Most incorrect answers were related to the transmission of blood-borne viruses by tears, saliva, urine and stool. This study also demonstrated that health workers tend to unrealistically estimate the risk of HIV infections. As for the level of education about the prevention and control of blood-borne infections, 49 % of the participants had never had any education on this topic, while 22 % had been educated during the last five years. Around 75 % consider education on blood-borne infection and protective measures at work unnecessary.


Related Articles

  • Minimizing risks for occupational blood-borne infections. Fahey, Barbara J.; Magnuson, Warren G.; Henderson, David K.; Fahey, B J; Henderson, D K // JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association;9/5/90, Vol. 264 Issue 9, p1189 

    Discusses strategies for health care workers in the U.S. to minimize the risks for occupational blood-borne infections. Percentage of health care workers at risk for occupational hepatitis B virus infection; Impact of the risk of HIV infection on medical students; Modification of health care...

  • Transmission and postexposure management of bloodborne virus infections in the health care setting: Where are we now? Moloughney, Brent W. // CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal;8/21/2001, Vol. 165 Issue 4, p445 

    THERE HAS BEEN CONSIDERABLE DEBATE ABOUT THE NEED for mandatory serologic testing of individuals who are the source of bloodborne pathogen exposures in health care and other occupational settings. The transmission of hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV) and HIV between patients and health care...

  • 'Anything on a needle' is a bloodborne risk.  // Hospital Employee Health;Apr2008, Vol. 27 Issue 4, p47 

    This article focuses on the risk of transmission of disease from bloodborne pathogens to health care workers. This risk is not limited only to hepatitis and HIV. There have been incidents involving transmission of other pathogens from needlesticks, such as tuberculosis, Staphylococcus aureus and...

  • Blood-borne viruses.  // Journal of the Irish Dental Association;Oct/Nov2008, Vol. 54 Issue 5, p199 

    The article reports on the decision of the Irish Dental Association (IDA) to send a letter to Ireland's Health Service Executive (HSE) Employers Agency regarding its circular on the prevention of blood-borne viruses transmission. The letter aims to request information on progress made in...

  • Management of Occupational Exposures to Blood-Borne Viruses. Gerberding, Julie Louise // New England Journal of Medicine;2/16/95, Vol. 332 Issue 7, p444 

    Reviews post-exposure care for the three blood-borne pathogens that are most commonly involved in occupational transmission. Information about hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Risk of transmission; Post-exposure therapy; Efficacy and...

  • When the physician is the vector. Hoey, John // CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal;07/14/98, Vol. 159 Issue 1, p45 

    Editorial. Comments on revised recommendations intended to prevent the transmission of bloodborne diseases from physicians and other health care workers to patients, which were published in July 1998 by Health Canada. Whether the measures called for by the recommendations are justified;...

  • Risk and prevention of transmission of infectious diseases in dentistry. Araujo, Marcelo W. B.; Andreana, Sebastiano // Quintessence International;May2002, Vol. 33 Issue 5, p376 

    Health care providers are at risk for infection with bloodborne pathogens, including hepatitis B virus, human immunodeficiency virus, and hepatitis C virus. Recommended infection control practices are applicable to all settings in which dental treatment is provided. Dentists remain at low risk...

  • MNA Position Statement on Treating an Initial Exposure to Blood and Body Fluids as a True Emergency.  // Massachusetts Nurse Advocate;Sep/Oct2012, Vol. 83 Issue 4, p16 

    The article presents the Massachusetts Nurse Advocate (MNA) position statement on why it is important to treat an initial exposure to blood and body fluids as a true emergency. It is suggested that treating the initial injury as a true emergency and waiving the informed consent for the initial...

  • Hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus and other blood-borne infections in healthcare workers: guidelines for prevention and management in industrialised countries. FitzSimons, B.; François, G.; De Carli, G.; Shouval, D.; Prüss-Üstün, A.; Puro, V.; Williams, I.; Lavanchy, D.; De Schryver, A.; Kopka, A.; Ncube, F.; Lppolito, G.; P. Van Damme // Occupational & Environmental Medicine;Jul2008, Vol. 65 Issue 7, p446 

    The Viral Hepatitis Prevention Board (VHPB) convened a meeting of international experts from the public and private sectors in order to review and evaluate the epidemiology of blood-borne infections in healthcare workers, to evaluate the transmission of hepatitis B and C viruses as an...

  • Adverse incidents resulting in exposure to body fluids at a UK dental teaching hospital over a 6-year period. Hughes, A.; Davies, L.; Hale, R.; Gallagher, J. E. // Infection & Drug Resistance;2012, Vol. 5 Issue 2, p155 

    Background: The safety and protection of patients and health care workers is of paramount importance in dentistry, and this includes students in training who provide clinical care. Given the nature of dental care, adverse incidents can and do occur, exposing health care workers to body fluids...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics