TITLE

Platelet-activating factor nasal challenge induces nasal congestion and reduces nasal volume in both healthy volunteers and allergic rhinitis patients

AUTHOR(S)
Muñoz-Cano, Rosa; Valero, Antonio; Roca-Ferrer, Jordi; Bartra, Joan; Sanchez-Lopez, Jaime; Mullol, Joaquim; Picado, Cesar
PUB. DATE
March 2013
SOURCE
American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy;Mar/Apr2013, Vol. 27 Issue 2, p48
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Platelet-activating factor (PAF) is a lipid mediator produced by most inflammatory cells. Clinical and experimental findings suggest that PAF participates in allergic rhinitis (AR) pathogenesis. The aim was to assess the PAF ability to induce clinical response in nasal airway after local stimulation. Method: Ten nonatopic healthy volunteers (HVs) and 10 AR patients out of pollen season were enrolled. PAF increasing concentrations (100, 200, and 400 nM) were instilled into both nasal cavities (0, 30, and 60 minutes, respectively). Nasal symptoms (congestion, rhinorrhea, sneezing, itching, and total 4 symptom score and nasal volume between the 2nd and 5th cm (Vol2-5) using acoustic rhinometry (AcR), were assessed at -30, 0, 30, 60, 90, 120, and 240 minutes. Result: PAF increased individual and total nasal symptom score in both HVs and seasonal AR (SAR) patients from 30 to 120 minutes (maximum score at 120′, p < 0.05). Nasal obstruction was the most relevant and lasting nasal symptom. PAF also induced a significant reduction of Vol2-5 at 90′ (27%), 120′ (38.7%), and 240′ (36.4%). No differences in the response to PAF nasal challenge were observed between HVs and SAR subjects in either clinical symptoms or AcR. Conclusion: This is the first description of PAF effects on human nasal mucosa using a cumulative dose schedule and evaluated by both nasal symptoms and AcR. Nasal provocation with PAF showed long-lasting effects on nasal symptoms and nasal obstruction in HVs and in patients with SAR. Nasal challenge may be a useful tool to investigate the role of PAF in AR and the potential role of anti-PAF drugs.
ACCESSION #
86447310

 

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