Mixing of equations of state for xenon-deuterium using density functional theory

Magyar, Rudolph J.; Mattsson, Thomas R.
March 2013
Physics of Plasmas;Mar2013, Vol. 20 Issue 3, p032701
Academic Journal
We report on a theoretical study of equation of state (EOS) properties of fluid and dense plasma mixtures of xenon and deuterium to explore and illustrate the basic physics of the mixing of a light element with a heavy element. Accurate EOS models are crucial to achieve high-fidelity hydrodynamics simulations of many high-energy-density phenomena, for example inertial confinement fusion and strong shock waves. While the EOS is often tabulated for separate species, the equation of state for arbitrary mixtures is generally not available, requiring properties of the mixture to be approximated by combining physical properties of the pure systems. Density functional theory (DFT) at elevated-temperature is used to assess the thermodynamics of the xenon-deuterium mixture at different mass ratios. The DFT simulations are unbiased as to elemental species and therefore provide comparable accuracy when describing total energies, pressures, and other physical properties of mixtures as they do for pure systems. The study focuses on addressing the accuracy of different mixing rules in the temperature range 1000-40 000 K for pressures between 100 and 600 GPa (1-6 Mbar), thus, including the challenging warm dense matter regime of the phase diagram. We find that a mix rule taking into account pressure equilibration between the two species performs very well over the investigated range.


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