Electrorotation of a viscous droplet in a uniform direct current electric field

He, Hui; Salipante, Paul F.; Vlahovska, Petia M.
March 2013
Physics of Fluids;Mar2013, Vol. 25 Issue 3, p032106
Academic Journal
We present a small-deformation theory which explains the experimentally observed nonaxisymmetric droplet deformation and orientation in a uniform DC electric field. The model shows that above a threshold electric field a rotational flow is induced about the droplet. As a result, drop shape becomes a general ellipsoid with major axis obliquely oriented to the applied field direction. The theory is in excellent agreement with the experimental data for high viscosity drops.


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