Multiscale considerations in direct numerical simulations of multiphase flows

Tryggvason, Gretar; Dabiri, Sadegh; Aboulhasanzadeh, Bahman; Lu, Jiacai
March 2013
Physics of Fluids;Mar2013, Vol. 25 Issue 3, p031302
Academic Journal
Direct Numerical Simulations of multiphase flows have progressed rapidly over the last decade and it is now possible to simulate, for example, the motion of hundreds of deformable bubbles in turbulent flows. The availability of results from such simulations should help advance the development of new and improved closure relations and models of the average or large-scale flows. We review recent results for bubbly flow in vertical channels, discuss the difference between upflow and downflow and the effect of the bubble deformability and how the resulting insight allowed us to produce a simple description of the large scale flow, for certain flow conditions. We then discuss the need for the development of numerical methods for more complex situations, such as where the flow creates spontaneous thin films and threads, or where additional physical processes take place at a rate that is very different from the fluid flow. Recent work on capturing localized small-scale processes using embedded analytical models, focusing on the mass transfer from bubbles in liquids with low mass diffusivity, suggests one approach. We conclude by discussing immediate needs for progress on the theoretical framework for describing the large-scale motion of multiphase flows and the need for multiscale methods to capture physical processes taking place at diverse length and time scales.


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