TITLE

Fractional wave equation and damped waves

AUTHOR(S)
Luchko, Yuri
PUB. DATE
March 2013
SOURCE
Journal of Mathematical Physics;Mar2013, Vol. 54 Issue 3, p031505
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
In this paper, a fractional generalization of the wave equation that describes propagation of damped waves is considered. In contrast to the fractional diffusion-wave equation, the fractional wave equation contains fractional derivatives of the same order α, 1 <= α <= 2, both in space and in time. We show that this feature is a decisive factor for inheriting some crucial characteristics of the wave equation like a constant propagation velocity of both the maximum of its fundamental solution and its gravity and 'mass' centers. Moreover, the first, the second, and the Smith centrovelocities of the damped waves described by the fractional wave equation are constant and depend just on the equation order α. The fundamental solution of the fractional wave equation is determined and shown to be a spatial probability density function evolving in time all whose moments of order less than α are finite. To illustrate analytical findings, results of numerical calculations and plots are presented.
ACCESSION #
86447008

 

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