Knudsen layer formation in laser induced thermal desorption

Ikeda, Akihiko; Matsumoto, Masuaki; Ogura, Shohei; Okano, Tatsuo; Fukutani, Katsuyuki
March 2013
Journal of Chemical Physics;Mar2013, Vol. 138 Issue 12, p124705
Academic Journal
Laser induced thermal desorption of Xe atoms into vacuum from a metal surface following the nano-second pulsed laser heating was investigated by the time-of-flight (TOF) measurement. The desorption flow was studied at a wide range of desorption flux by varying the initially prepared Xe coverage Θ (1 ML = 4.5 × 1018 atoms/m2). At Θ = 0.3 ML, the TOF of Xe was well represented by a Maxwell-Boltzmann velocity distribution, which is in good agreement with thermal desorption followed by collision-free flow. At Θ > 0.3 ML, the peak positions of the TOF spectra were shifted towards the smaller values and became constant at large Θ, which were well fitted with a shifted Maxwell-Boltzmann velocity distribution with a temperature TD and a stream velocity u. With TD fixed at 165 K, u was found to increase from 80 to 125 m/s with increasing Θ from 1.2 to 4 ML. At Θ > 4 ML, the value of u becomes constant at 125 m/s. The converging feature of u was found to be consistent with analytical predictions and simulated results based on the Knudsen layer formation theory. We found that the Knudsen layer formation in laser desorption is completed at Knudsen number Kn <0.39.


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