Behavioral and psychological symptoms in Korean patients with mild Alzheimer's disease: Preliminary study

Soo-Ji Lee; Jae-Hyeok Heo; Hee-Tae Kim; Jin-Young Ahn
March 2013
Neurology Asia;Mar2013, Vol. 18 Issue 1, p65
Academic Journal
Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia are major components of Alzheimer's disease. In this study, we aimed at investigating the prevalence and severity of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia in very mild to mild Alzheimer's disease. Forty-four patients with Alzheimer's disease who visited the neurology outpatient clinic of Seoul Medical Center were included. A trained neurologist or a supervised test technician administered the neuropsychological test, the Seoul Neuropsychological Screening Battery including Mini Mental State Examination and Clinical Dementia Rating. The instrument used for assessing behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia was Neuropsychiatric Inventory-Questionnaire. In order of prevalence, apathy, depression, irritability, anxiety, and agitation were the most common symptoms occurring in very mild-to-mild Alzheimer's disease group. The prevalence and severity of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia were found to be in positive correlation with the Clinical Dementia Rating scores. Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia are found even in the very early stage of Alzheimer's disease, apathy and depression being the most common symptoms. Physicians should be aware of this when managing dementia patients.


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