Hosseini, S.; Habibi, M. Koohi; Mosahebi, G.; Motamedi, M.; Winter, S.
November 2012
Journal of Plant Pathology;Nov2012, Vol. 94 Issue 3, p585
Academic Journal
Sunflower (Helianthus annuus), an important oilseed crop grown in Iran and many other countries, is a frequent host of Tobacco streak virus (TSV, genus Ilarvirus), which infects a wide range of crops and weeds. To study the occurrence and distribution of TSV in Iran, 1,272 samples were collected from sunflower fields in Kerman, Golestan, Isfahan, Mazandaran, Qom, Azarbayejan-Gharbi, Markazi, Hamedan and Tehran provinces during 2006 to 2008. TSV was detected by DAS-ELISA in 20.9% of the samples. The characterization of two Iranian virus isolates 43R (from Tehran) and IR (from Isfahan) showed that both have isometric particles 26 to 35 nm in diameter, and coat protein (CP) subunits with a molecular weight of 30.9 kDa. In mechanical inoculation assays, the Iranian TSV isolate induced local lesions on a number of plant species of the families Chenopodiaceae and Solanaceae. Vicia faba and sunflower reacted with systemic symptoms. A fragment of 747 nt in length from the CP gene of each isolate was amplified, cloned and sequenced. BLAST analysis of the CP sequences showed that both isolates are similar to Sudanese TSV isolates and belong to the same group. This is the first report on the detection of TSV in Iran.


Related Articles

  • The Resistance of Bean Yellow Mosaic Virus (BYMV) in Faba bean (Vicia faba L.) with Diallel Analysis. El-Hamid El-Bramaw, Mohamed Abd; Fahmy El-Beshehy, Essam Kamal // Business Management & Strategy (BMS);2011, Vol. 2 Issue 1, p1 

    Bean yellow mosaic virus (BYMV) has been recognized as one of the major economic disease and reduced a considerable destructive in seed yield, particularly, when plants were infected at the beginning stage of faba bean growing regions of Egypt. Little genetic information is available on the...

  • First report of Didymella fabae, teleomorph of Ascochyta fabae, on faba bean crop debris in Tunisia. Benyoussef, Noura Omri; Le May, Christophe; Mlayeh, Olfa; Kharrat, Mohamed // Phytopathologia Mediterranea;2012, Vol. 51 Issue 2, p369 

    Ascochyta blight of faba bean, caused by Ascochyta fabae, is one of the most destructive diseases of faba bean (Vicia faba) in Tunisia. Yield losses caused by the disease can reach 35% under conditions favourable for disease development. Despite its widespread occurrence, only the asexual part...

  • Optimizing rotary hoe weed control in field bean crop at transition to organic agriculture in Dobrudzha. I. Crop injuries. Iliev, I.; Milev, G. // Agricultural Science & Technology (1313-8820);Dec2012, Vol. 4 Issue 4, p430 

    The weed control is a basic problem in organic agriculture. Most often it leads by multiple mechanical treatments, which except significant weed destruction show certain positive as well as some negative influence on the crop. In this investigation the influence of rotary hoe working rate and...

  • Screening faba bean for chocolate spot resistance: evaluation methods and effects of age of host tissue and temperature. Villegas-Fernández, A.; Sillero, J.; Rubiales, D. // European Journal of Plant Pathology;Mar2012, Vol. 132 Issue 3, p443 

    Chocolate spot is an important disease of faba bean ( Vicia faba) caused by the necrotrophic fungus Botrytis fabae. The aims of this work were: i) to compare different methods of screening for resistance; ii) to assess the influence of the age of host tissue and temperature on this pathosystem....

  • Weed control strategies for grain legumes. Avola, G.; Tuttobene, R.; Gresta, F.; Abbate, V. // Agronomy for Sustainable Development (EDP Sciences);Jul2008, Vol. 28 Issue 3, p389 

    There has been increasing interest in sustainable weed management in low-input farming systems. In an integrated approach, the development of cropping systems such as appropriate spatial arrangement and efficient tillage will help crops themselves to compete with weeds. With this aim, we...

  • The Critical Period of Weed Control in Faba Bean and Chickpea in Mediterranean Areas. Frenda, Alfonso S.; Ruisi, Paolo; Saia, Sergio; Frangipane, Benedetto; Di Miceli, Giuseppe; Amato, Gaetano; Giambalvo, Dario // Weed Science;Jul-Sep2013, Vol. 61 Issue 3, p452 

    Weeds are often the major biological constraint to growing legume crops successfully, and an understanding of the critical period of weed control (CPWC) is important for developing environmentally sustainable weed management practices to prevent unacceptable yield loss. Therefore, we carried out...

  • Regulation of Growth, Development and Whole Organism Physiology. Relationship between changes in the guard cell abscisic-acid content and other stress-related physiological parameters in intact plants. Zhang, Shu Qiu; H. Outlaw, William; Aghoram, Karthik // Journal of Experimental Botany;Feb2001, Vol. 52 Issue 355 

    Examines the relationship of guard cell ABA content to eight stress-related physiological parameters on intact Vicia faba plants grown hydroponically with split-root systems. Causes of fluctuation in apoplast pH and cytokinin concentration; Description of ABA movement into the leaf;...

  • So broad minded. Stickland, Sue // Garden;Mar2012, Vol. 137 Issue 3, p74 

    The article offers information on how to plant broad beans (Vicia faba). Broad beans grow well on deeply dug, well-drained soils and do not need much feeding. Seeds can be sown about 25 centimeters deep direct into the soil or in pots in a glasshouse for transplanting. Once plants are in full...

  • Neglected legume crops of Serbia - Faba bean (Vicia faba). Mihailović, Vojislav; Mikić, Aleksandar; Vasić, Mirjana; Ćupina, Branko; Đurić, Branko; Duc, Gérard; Stoddard, Frederick L.; Hauptvogel, Pavol // Field & Vegetable Crops Research / Ratarstvo i povrtarstvo;2010, Vol. 47 Issue 1, p27 

    Faba bean is cultivated locally in Serbia with no available official data. The collection at Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops in Novi Sad contains 141 accessions of food and feed faba bean. Forage yields in faba bean may surpass 40 t ha-1 of green forage and 8 t ha-1 of forage dry matter,...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics