KARA, Abdurrahman; KIZILOGLU, Semiha
December 2012
Turkish Journal of Agricultural Economics;Dec2012, Vol. 18 Issue 2, p69
Academic Journal
Socioeconomic structure of the livestock farms dependent on rangelands was researched and their activities were analyzed regarding technical and economic aspects. Study area covers Erzurum Province, Türkiye. Villages were purposively selected according to rangeland quality. Stratified sampling was employed in determination of the sample size. For the production year of 2004-2005, data were collected from randomly selected farmers through face to face interviews, resulted in 99 completed questionnaires. Farms were studied under three farm size groups, e.g. 0-12 ha, 12.1-25 ha and more than 25 ha. In analysis of the data descriptive statistics were used. Data analysis revealed that farm family and animal houses were generally traditional and old buildings. Farm land was highly fragmented and dispersed and its 26.7% was irrigable. 65.9% of arable land was cultivated and its 21% was fallow. DAP was the most frequently used fertiliser and especially more nitrogen was used in larger farm groups than needed. Crop yields were low. Roughages constituted 81% of animal feeds and straw was the main element of it. As concentrates, grains came second after manufactured feeds. Animal production was the most important contributor to the gross product. Second group of farms obtained more net product than others. It was concluded that excess labour, insufficient operating capital and unbalanced distribution pattern of other capital components affected farm rantability negatively.


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