TITLE

VARIOUS ALTERNATIVES OF HYPOXIC TRAINING

AUTHOR(S)
Pupiš, Martin; Pivovarniček, Pavol; Tonhauserová, Zuzana; Pavlović, Ratko
PUB. DATE
December 2012
SOURCE
Sport Scientific & Practical Aspects;Dec2012, Vol. 9 Issue 2, p25
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The aim of the paper was to compare the influence of three different alternatives of hypoxic training (a training in higher altitude - HA, an intermittent hypoxic training - IHT, and a hypoxic tent - HT). The research was executed on 10 athletes who all took part in higher altitude training and an intermittent hypoxic training. Four of the athletes from this sample took part in a training (a sleep) in a hypoxic tent. All the three alternatives lasted for approximately three weeks. In haematological indicators the number of erythrocytes, haemoglobin and hematocrit in HA and IHT increased from 3% to 4.9%. A more significant increase (25.3%, resp. 26.2%) was measured in reticulocytes. In HT we measured the increase of reticulocytes in 17.9%; however in the remaining indicators we observed even smaller increase, namely 0.7 - 2.3%. From the point of spiroergometric indicators we observed the most significant increase in the VO2max.kg-1 at ANT where we measured an increase of 8.7%, resp. 9.9%. Obviously, this indicator is directly influenced by the decrease of body weight, but also in absolute rate of VO2max at ANT we measured an increase (7%, resp. 7.7%), which indicates the increase of oxygen usability at ANT, thus the intensity corresponding to the competition load. In HT we also measured the increase in these parameters as well as a moderate decrease of body weight (0.3%), however only from 0.3 - 1.5%. From the point of effectiveness we confirmed a positive influence of hypoxic training in all the three methods (HA, IHT, HT), but according to our findings the influence of HA and IHT was significantly higher than in HT.
ACCESSION #
86440078

 

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