TITLE

Insulin-like growth-factor-1-induced PKB signaling and Egr-1 expression is inhibited by curcumin in A-10 vascular smooth muscle cells1

AUTHOR(S)
Youreva, Viktoria; Kapakos, Georgia; Srivastava, Ashok K.
PUB. DATE
March 2013
SOURCE
Canadian Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology;Mar2013, Vol. 91 Issue 3, p241
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) is a mitogenic factor that stimulates the signaling pathways responsible for inducing hypertrophic and proliferative responses in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). We have previously demonstrated that IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R) plays a key role in transducing the hypertrophic and proliferative responses of angiotensin II (Ang-II) and endothelin-1 (ET-1). Curcumin, a polyphenolic compound derived from the spice turmeric is known to possess antiproliferative properties and exerts vasculoprotective effects. However, the ability of curcumin to modulate IGF-1-induced signaling responses in VSMC remains to be investigated. In this study, we determined the effect of curcumin on IGF-1-induced phosphorylation of protein kinase B (PKB), glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β), and IGF-1R in VSMC. Curcumin inhibited IGF-1-induced phosphorylation of PKB and GSK-3β as well as the IGF-1R β subunit in a dose-dependent fashion. In addition, IGF-1-induced expression of early growth response protein 1 (Egr-1) which plays a pathogenic role in vascular dysfunctions, was also attenuated by curcumin. In conclusion, these results indicate that curcumin is a potent inhibitor of key components of the IGF-1-induced mitogenic and proliferative signaling system in VSMC, and suggest that curcumin-induced attenuation of these signaling components may constitute a potential mechanism for its vasculoprotective effects.
ACCESSION #
86421649

 

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