TITLE

LATE PLEISTOCENE AND EARLY HOLOCENE SITES IN THE NENANA RIVER VALLEY, CENTRAL ALASKA

AUTHOR(S)
Hoffecker, John F.
PUB. DATE
September 2001
SOURCE
Arctic Anthropology;2001, Vol. 38 Issue 2, p139
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The Nenana River valley, located in the northern foothills of the Alaska Range, contains a group of sites that collectively spans 11,300 to 7000 B.P., and provides critical information on the settlement of Alaska during this interval. Major localities include Dry Creek, Walker Road, Panguingue Creek, and Moose Creek, all of which contain cultural remains buried in a deep aeolian sedimentary context. Three of these sites yielded assemblages comprising small bifacial points, endscrapers, scraper planes, and other tools dating to between ca. 11,300 and 11,100 B.P. (Nenana complex). Three sites contain assemblages of microblades, lanceolate points, burins, and other lithic artifacts that stratigraphically overlie the Nenana complex occupations and/or date to ca. 10,600 to 7000 B.P. (Denali complex). Several sites also contain occupations that may be assigned to later industries of the Middle and Late Holocene (e.g., Northern Archaic). The archaeological record in the Nenana River valley suggests that two separate and temporally successive industries were present in central Alaska during the Late Pleistocene and Early Holocene, but the Tanana Basin sites indicate a more complex picture.
ACCESSION #
8641324

 

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