Graduated Responses and Incentives: The Empowerment of Probation Officers

Rubin, H. Ted
February 2013
Juvenile Justice Update;Feb/Mar2013, Vol. 19 Issue 1, p1
The article informs that significant steps have been adopted that empowers probation officers to apply sanctions regarding probation violation without having any prior judicial approval. It mentions that the enforcement of such sanctions saves judicial time that has been allocated for hearings regarding these sanctions. It mentions that Wisconsin has closed its two juvenile institutions because of the expansion of community-based interventions and budget related problems.


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