TITLE

Idealisations in normative models

AUTHOR(S)
Colyvan, Mark
PUB. DATE
May 2013
SOURCE
Synthese;May2013, Vol. 190 Issue 8, p1337
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
In this paper I discuss the kinds of idealisations invoked in normative theories-logic, epistemology, and decision theory. I argue that very often the so-called norms of rationality are in fact mere idealisations invoked to make life easier. As such, these idealisations are not too different from various idealisations employed in scientific modelling. Examples of the latter include: fluids are incompressible (in fluid mechanics), growth rates are constant (in population ecology), and the gravitational influence of distant bodies can be ignored (in celestial mechanics). Thinking of logic, epistemology, and decision theory as normative models employing various idealisations of these kinds, changes the way we approach the justification of the models in question.
ACCESSION #
86406456

 

Related Articles

  • NORMATIVITY AND THE REJECTION OF RATIONALISM. McPherson, Lionel K. // Journal of Philosophy;Feb2007, Vol. 104 Issue 2, p55 

    The article focuses on normativity and the rejection of rationalism. A normative reason is a matter that defends a particular action, belief or attitude. Because normative reasons are oftenly opposed by explanatory reasons, normativity seems to be puzzling. The author argues that there can be...

  • Preconditions for Normative Argumentation in a Pluralist World. Graham, Keith // Argumentation;Nov2001, Vol. 15 Issue 4, p471 

    A problem arises, both for philosophy and for argumentation theory, in a pluralist world where people hold widely different beliefs about what to do. Some responses to this problem, including relativism, might settle but do not provide any criteria for resolving such differences. Alternative...

  • THE LOGICAL WAY OF BEING TRUE: Truth values and the ontological foundation of logic. Shramko, Yaroslav // Logic & Logical Philosophy;2014, Vol. 23 Issue 2, p119 

    In this paper I reject the normative interpretation of logic and give reasons for a realistic account based on the ontological treatment of logical values.

  • The Virtue of Open-Mindedness. Yaqub, Aladdin M. // Philosophy Study;Jan2012, Vol. 2 Issue 1, p35 

    Bayesianism is a theory of probabilistic reasoning that attempts to capture the logic of confirming and disconfirming hypotheses. I first argue that Bayesianism reveals striking parallels between structures universally held as paradigms of rational belief systems and structures typically...

  • Uncertainty behind the Veil of Ignorance. KURTULMUS, A. FAIK // Utilitas;Mar2012, Vol. 24 Issue 1, p41 

    This article argues that the decision problem in the original position should be characterized as a decision problem under uncertainty even when it is assumed that the denizens of the original position know that they have an equal chance of ending up in any given individual's place. It supports...

  • On the Causal-Doxastic Theory of the Basing Relation. Mittag, Daniel M. // Canadian Journal of Philosophy;Dec2002, Vol. 32 Issue 4, p543 

    Evaluates the inadequacy of the casual-doxastic theory of the basing relation. Casual relation between one's reasons and one's belief; Part of plausible non-causal condition on the basing relation; Inclusion of non-casual condition to the analysis of basing relation.

  • The epistemological challenge to metanormative realism: how best to understand it, and how to cope with it. Enoch, David // Philosophical Studies;Apr2010, Vol. 148 Issue 3, p413 

    Metaethical—or, more generally, metanormative—realism faces a serious epistemological challenge. Realists owe us—very roughly speaking—an account of how it is that we can have epistemic access to the normative truths about which they are realists. This much is, it...

  • What Do Normative Approaches to Argumentation Stand to Gain from Rhetorical Insights? Zenker, Frank // Philosophy & Rhetoric;2013, Vol. 46 Issue 4, p415 

    This article appropriates Thomas Conley's (1990) four classical positions on the nature and function of rhetoric, and assesses their relevance vis-à-vis three contemporary normative approaches to argumentation: the epistemological approach, pragma-dialectical theory, and informal logic. In...

  • A problem for confirmation theoretic accounts of the conjunction fallacy. Jönsson, Martin; Assarsson, Elias // Philosophical Studies;Feb2016, Vol. 173 Issue 2, p437 

    This paper raises a principled objection against the idea that Bayesian confirmation theory can be used to explain the conjunction fallacy. The paper demonstrates that confirmation-based explanations are limited in scope and can only be applied to cases of the fallacy of a certain restricted...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics