Effect of Carbonated Beverage and Fluoride Mouth Rinses on Shear Bond Strength of Orthodontic Adhesive Composite

Slimnani, Abdelbasset; Abd Rahman, Normastura; Ayat Khan, Rafeaah
February 2013
International Medical Journal;Feb2013, Vol. 20 Issue 1, p115
Academic Journal
Objective: to determine the effect of long term consumption of carbonated beverage and use of fluoride mouth rinses (FMR) on shear bond strength (SBS) of conventional orthodontic adhesive material. Design: A comparative cross sectional study. Materials and method: The tooth surfaces of 180 extracted human premolars were bonded with brackets using Transbond XT orthodontic adhesive. The teeth were divided randomly and equally into six groups: Group 1 (Gl)- Control group, Group 2 (Gil- Coca Cola group, Group 3 (G3)- Colgate FMR group, Group 4 (G4)-Oral-B FMR group, Group 5 (G5)- Coca Cola plus Colgate FMR group and Group 6 (G6)- Coca Cola plus Oral-B FMR group. Exposure to study solutions and artificial saliva was done in cycles at different temperatures for 25 days. The universal test machine was used to measure shear bond strength (SBS). Scanning electron microscope (SEM) used to examine enamel-adhesive area. Data were entered and analyzed using PASW vers. 18. Results: There was a significant decrease in SBS between Coca Cola group and Control group (p = 0.001); Coca Cola group and Colgate group (p < 0.001) as well as Coca Cola group and Oral-B group (p < 0.001). There was a significant increase in SBS between Colgate group and Coca Cola plus Colgate group (p = 0.004); Oral-B group and Coca Cola plus Colgate group (p < 0.001); Oral-B group and Coca Cola plus Oral-B group (p = 0.011). The comparison between Control group and Coca Cola plus Colgate group showed to have a marginally significant difference of SBS (p = 0.047). Conclusions: The long consumption of carbonated beverage can reduce SBS. The fluoridated mouth rinse use did not negatively affect the brackets bonding. The use of fluoride mouth rinses after consumption of carbonated beverages can improve the SBS of orthodontic adhesive.


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