The Career Preference Factors Scale (CPFS): Development and Psychometric Properties

Anayet Ullah, Md.; Barman, Arunodaya; Ja'afar, Rogayah; Saiful Bahri Yusoff, Muhamad
February 2013
International Medical Journal;Feb2013, Vol. 20 Issue 1, p72
Academic Journal
Background: A reliable and valid multi item scale is desirable in medical education to measure students perceived factors that influence their career choice. This pilot study outlines the developments of a new scale to explore these factors. Methods: Based on literature reviews, medical student and expert comments and factor analysis, 19 items Career Preference Factors Scale (CPFS) was developed. One hundred eighty six third year medical students were participated in this study. Factor analysis using a principal component analysis (PCA) with varimax rotation was conducted to determine the factors underpinning the scale. The reliability of the scale as well as its domains were determined by computing cronbach's alpha and Equal- Length Spearman Brown coefficients. Point biserial correlations were calculated between career choice (general practice vs specialty practice) and the factors. Results: Principal component analysis (PCA) with varimax rotation resulted in a 5 factor scale. The factors were labeled as medical life style, social orientation, economy and prestige, hospital orientation and ease to build up. The 5 factors demonstrated acceptable internal consistency and stability, and correlated in the expected direction with the choice of general practice. Conclusions: The development of the new valid and reliable scale to measure the influencing factors of medical student's career choice will enable researchers to explore the role of the factors in selecting their future career at the different stages of undergraduate medical course.


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