Fabrication technique for filling-factor tunable titanium dioxide colloidal crystal replicas

Nishimura, Suzushi; Shishido, Atsushi; Abrams, Neal; Mallouk, Thomas E.
December 2002
Applied Physics Letters;12/9/2002, Vol. 81 Issue 24, p4532
Academic Journal
Filling-factor tunable titanium dioxide replicas of colloidal crystals were fabricated by using a liquid phase deposition (LPD) technique. Ammonium hexafluorotitanate [(NH[sub 4])[sub 2]TiF[sub 6]] was used as a precursor, which was converted slowly to titanium dioxide by hydrolysis with boric acid. After the oxide was formed in voids of latex colloidal crystals, the latex was removed by calcination. By applying the LPD process to the replica again, the filling factor of the replica could be increased in a controllable fashion. With 203 nm template spheres, the peak shift in the ∼490 nm stop band depended linearly on the deposition time for the first 20 min, at a rate of 4.4 nm/min. Thus the position of the Bragg reflection peak could be adjusted precisely by controlling the filling factor of the replica structure.


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