IL-10- and IL-20-Expressing Epithelial and Inflammatory Cells are Increased in Patients with Ulcerative Colitis

Fonseca-Camarillo, Gabriela; Furuzawa-Carballeda, Janette; Llorente, Luis; Yamamoto-Furusho, Jesús
April 2013
Journal of Clinical Immunology;Apr2013, Vol. 33 Issue 3, p640
Academic Journal
Interleukin (IL)-20, a pro-inflammatory cytokine, is a recently discovered member of the IL-10 family. This cytokine has been described in inflammatory diseases such as psoriasis and asthma. However, IL-20 expression in ulcerative colitis (UC) patients has not been yet described. The aim of this study was to evaluate IL-20 and IL-10 gene and protein expression and their receptors in the mucosa from UC patients. Forty UC patients and 18 non-inflamed controls were studied. IL-10, IL-20, IL-10R1, IL-10R2, IL-20R1 and IL-20R2 gene expression was determined by real time RT-PCR in colonic biopsies. Protein expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry. Patients in remission had significantly higher IL-10 gene expression in mucosa compared with active patients and controls. Conversely, IL-10R1/B gene expression was decreased in remission compared with active UC patients and controls. IL-20 gene expression was lower in colonic mucosa from UC patients in remission compared with controls and active patients. IL-20R1/B mRNA expression was higher in remission compared with active UC patients and controls. IHQ analysis showed an increased IL-10-, IL-20-, and IL-20R2-producing cells in active UC patients. IL-10-, IL-20- and IL-20R2-expressing epithelial and inflammatory cells were increased in active UC patients, meanwhile IL-20R1 was up-regulated only on inflammatory infiltrates vs. controls. This is the first depiction of the presence of IL-20 and its receptors in UC. Much remains to be learned however, about the pathogenic mechanisms that lead to IBD. This cytokine/receptor imbalance may be implicated in the pathogenesis of UC.


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