Produkce řeči v afázii: kazuistika

Schmiedtová, Barbara; Flanderková, Eva
June 2012
Studies in Applied Linguistics / Studie z Aplikované Lingvistik;2012, Issue 1/2, p53
Academic Journal
The topic of this paper is a linguistic analysis followed by a psycholinguistic interpretation of data from language production of an aphasic patient. The most prominent accompanying symptom identified in this patient was severely disturbed speech - aphasia, with language symptoms, which, under traditional classifications, are characteristic for agrammatism. The type of aphasia observed in the patient was very difficult to classify on the basis of standard classification schemes, but the final diagnosis was a mixed form of aphasia. The focus of this article is a description and discussion of a selection of agrammatical phenomena occurring at different linguistic levels (syntax, morphology, lexicon). Furthermore, it will also consider two specific communication skills, i.e. naming (in the mother tongue and a foreign language) and repetition. To illustrate the patient's speech, numerous examples from the transcripts will be provided and discussed. In addition, attention will be paid to the patient's reflection on his own experience with the production of spoken as well as written speech. The paper will discuss agrammatical phenomena found in the data in relation to two hypotheses connected to the current subject: 1. the selective syntactic deficit hypothesis (Pollock, 1989; Grodzinsky, 1995; 2000), and 2. the disruption of language non-specific processor hypothesis (Dick et al., 2001). In conclusion, the analyzed data will be briefly interpreted in the context of mental processes in language production within Levelt's (1989) language production model and in the context of mental representation of meaning.


Related Articles

  • Agrammatic Comprehension of Simple Active Sentences With Moved Constituents: Hebrew OSV and OVS Structures. Friedmann, Naama; Shapiro, Lewis P. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Apr2003, Vol. 46 Issue 2, p288 

    This study examines agrammatic comprehension of object-subject-verb (OSV) and object-verb-subject (OVS) structures in Hebrew. These structures are syntactically identical to the basic order subject-verb-object (SVO) sentence except for the movement of the object to the beginning of the sentence,...

  • Emphasizers in spoken and written academic discourse: The case of really. Diani, Giuliana // International Journal of Corpus Linguistics;2008, Vol. 13 Issue 3, p296 

    The role played by mitigation in academic discourse has been the subject of intense scholarly interest over the last two decades, but interest in the role played by intensifying textual elements expressing evaluation and stance — emphasizers — is a more recent turn. This paper...

  • Confusion is my Dress. Rodr�guez, Gabriela // AMAE Journal;2011, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p54 

    In this article, the author attempts to explore the linguistic aspects of the thinking process.

  • PLATO ON NAMING. Fine, Gail // Philosophical Quarterly;Oct77, Vol. 27 Issue 109, p289 

    Greek philosopher Plato is sometimes criticized for having failed to distinguish names and sentences, and naming and stating. It has been argued that the assimilation of names and sentences, and of naming and stating, is one mark of Plato's semantic atomism. On this view, sentences are treated...

  • SYNTACTIC REPRESENTATIONS IN AGRAMMATIC APHASIA: THE CASE OF PREPOSITIONS. Grodzinsky, Yosef // Language & Speech;Apr-Jun88, Vol. 31 Issue 2, p115 

    Focuses on the syntactic deficit in agrammatic aplasia. Extent to which prepositions are impaired in the syndrome; Role that the syndrome's members play in the grammar; Hypothesis viewing the deficit as being partial from a syntactic point of view; Suggestion that the impairment is unique to...

  • SPEAKING AND WRITING. Newman, John B.; Horowitz, Milton W. // Today's Speech;Feb1965, Vol. 13 Issue 1, p2 

    The article discusses a study which examined the differences between speaking and writing. The authors initiated type-token ratio analyses to reveal differences in the character of spoken and written utterance. They found that although speaking may be looser in style and structure than writing,...

  • An overview on Primary Progressive Aphasia and its variants. Amici, Serena; Gorno-Tempini, Maria Luisa; Ogar, Jennifer M.; Dronkers, Nina F.; Miller, Bruce L. // Behavioural Neurology;2006, Vol. 17 Issue 2, p77 

    We present a review of the literature on Primary Progressive Aphasia (PPA) together with the analysis of neuropschychological and neuroradiologic profiles of 42 PPA patients. Mesulam originally defined PPA as a progressive degenerative disorder characterized by isolated language impairment for...

  • Naming compounds in Alzheimer’s disease. Chiarelli, Valentina; Menichelli, Alina; Semenza, Carlo // Mental Lexicon;2007, Vol. 2 Issue 2, p259 

    The peculiar pattern of linguistic and cognitive deficits in early Alzheimer’s disease (DAT), whereby memory limitations and failure in semantics prevail over deficits in syntax, makes an interesting contrast with linguistic deficits in classic aphasia categories. The present study...

  • SYNTACTIC CLAUSE BOUNDARIES, SPEECH TIMING, AND STUTTERING FREQUENCY IN ADULT STUTTERERS. Klouda, Gayle V.; Cooper, William E. // Language & Speech;Jul-Sep87, Vol. 30 Issue 3, p263 

    Examines syntactic clause boundaries, speech timing, and stuttering frequency in adult stutterers. Aspects of speech timing; Analysis of the duration of a word when it occurs in clause-final position; Occurrence of regulated speech timing.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics