TITLE

Chemical constituents and larvicidal potential of Feronia limonia leaf essential oil against Anopheles stephensi, Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus

AUTHOR(S)
Senthilkumar, A.; Jayaraman, M.; Venkatesalu, V.
PUB. DATE
March 2013
SOURCE
Parasitology Research;Mar2013, Vol. 112 Issue 3, p1337
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
In the present investigation, the leaf essential oil of Feronia limonia was evaluated for chemical constituents and mosquito larvicidal activity against the larvae of Anopheles stephensi, Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus. GC and GC-MS analyses revealed that the essential oil contain 51 compounds. Estragole (34.69 %) and β-pinene(23.59 %) were identified as the major constituents followed by methyl ( Z)-caryophyllene (11.05 %), eugenol (6.50 %), linalool (3.97 %), phytol (3.27 %), sabinene (2.41 %) and limonene (2.27 %). Larval mortality was observed after 12 and 24 h of exposure period. The oil showed remarkable larvicidal activity against A. stephensi (LC = 38.93 and LC = 108.64 ppm (after 12 h); LC = 15.03 and LC = 36.69 ppm (after 24 h)), A. aegypti (LC = 37.60 and LC = 104.69 ppm (after 12 h); LC = 11.59 and LC = 42.95 ppm (after 24 h)) and C. quinquefasciatus (LC = 52.08 and LC = 124.33 ppm (after 12 h); LC = 22.49 and LC = 60.90 ppm (after 24 h)). Based on the results, the essential oil of F. limonia can be considered as a new source of larvicide for the control of vector mosquitoes.
ACCESSION #
85716144

 

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