TITLE

Induction of inducible nitric oxide synthase increases the production of reactive oxygen species in RAW264.7 macrophages

AUTHOR(S)
Kai ZHAO; Zhen HUANG; Hongling LU; Juefei ZHOU; Taotao WEI
PUB. DATE
August 2010
SOURCE
Bioscience Reports;Aug2010, Vol. 30 Issue 4, p233
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Macrophages produce a large volume of ROS (reactive oxygen species) through respiratory burst. However, the influence of iNOS [inducible NOS (nitric oxide synthase)] activation on ROS production remains unclear. In the present study, the kinetic generation of ROS in RAW264.7 murine macrophages was monitored by chemiluminescence. PMA induces a robust chemiluminescence in RAW264.7 cells, suggesting PKC (protein kinase C)-related assembly and activation of NOX (NADPH oxidase). The effects of iNOS induction on ROS production were examined. Induction of iNOS expression in RAW264.7 cells with LPS (lipopolysaccharide; 1 μg/ml) causes a significant increase in PMA-induced chemiluminescence, which could be enhanced by the NOS substrate, L-arginine, and could be abolished by the NOS inhibitor, L-NNA (NG-nitro-L-arginine). Further experiments reveal that induction of iNOS expression enhances the PMAstimulated phosphorylation of the p47phox subunit of NOX, and promotes the relocalization of cytosolic p47phox and p67phox subunits to the membrane. Inhibition of PKCζ by its myristoylated pseudosubstrate significantly decreased the PMA-stimulated phosphorylation of the p47phox in LPS-pretreated cells, suggesting that PKCζ is involved in the iNOSdependent assembly and activation of NOX. Taken together, the present study suggests that the induction of iNOS upregulates the PMA-induced assembly of NOX and leads to the enhanced production of ROS via a PKCζ-dependent mechanism.
ACCESSION #
85678718

 

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