Fabrication and thermal stability of arrays of Fe nanodots

Liu, Kai; Nogués, J.; Leighton, C.; Masuda, H.; Nishio, K.; Roshchin, I. V.; Schuller, Ivan K.
December 2002
Applied Physics Letters;12/2/2002, Vol. 81 Issue 23, p4434
Academic Journal
We have fabricated arrays of 60-nm-size magnetic Fe nanodots over a 1-cm²-size area using nanoporous alumina membranes as shadow masks. The size and size distribution of the nanodots correlate very well with that of the membrane pores. By placing an antiferromagnetic FeF[sub 2] layer underneath the Fe nanodots, an exchange anisotropy can be introduced into the Fe/FeF[sub 2] system. We have observed an increase in the magnetic hysteresis loop squareness in biased nanodots, suggesting that exchange bias may be used as a tunable source of anisotropy to stabilize the magnetization in such nanodots.


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