TITLE

Goal Setting Styles: Examining the Role of Personality Factors on the Goal Practices of Prospective Olympic Athletes

AUTHOR(S)
Burton, Damon; Gillham, Andy; Weinberg, Robert; Yukelson, David; Weigand, Daniel
PUB. DATE
March 2013
SOURCE
Journal of Sport Behavior;Mar2013, Vol. 36 Issue 1, p23
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This investigation examined Burton and Weiss '(2008) goal-setting styles (GSS) model that hypothesizes how a motivation-involvement personality variable influences goal practices in sport. The purpose of this study was to (a) examine whether cluster analysis could identify GSS profiles, and (b) assess whether profile differences were congruent with model predictions. The sample was comprised of 338 prospective Olympic athletes from 12 sports (M age = 25.2 years). Respondents completed an extensive goal-setting survey assessing goal frequency, effectiveness, commitment and barriers as well as several motivational correlate variables. Cluster analysis used competitive orientation and trait sport confidence to create four profile groups, and differences among the groups were examined for 9 goal subscales, 7 goal preferences, and 5 demographic and career success variables. Supporting model predictions, performance-oriented athletes scored highest on all variables, the most failure-oriented cluster lowest, and success-oriented and the transition failure-oriented profiles were intermediate to these extremes.
ACCESSION #
85226621

 

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