June 2012
Review of Military History;2012, Issue 3/4, p1
Academic Journal
The first phase of the extension of the Roman power north of the Lower Danube was represented by the creation of a buffer space (terra deserta) in 62 AD, when thousands of Sarmatians and Getae were moved from Southern Moldavia to the south of the river. The Roman army set garrisons at Aliobrix and Tyras. This policy was not able to stop the invasions, because the barbarians coming from the steppe crossed this empty space without any resistance. The garrisons were able to defend only the road. In the second phase, after the Daco-Roman wars of 101-102, 105-106, a new bridgehead was established at Barboşi-Galaţi, near the bend of the Danube, in a position that could close the access from the North-Pontic steppe, and at the end of the road to Transylvania. The road was protected by the earthen wall Ploscuţeni-Stoicani, which was previously wrongly ascribed to the Goths. East of Prut, the area under Roman control was protected by another wall, between Vadul lui Isac and Tatarbunar, built before the 4th century. These walls were not designed to stop the invasions like the Hadrian Wall in Britannia. They were merely borders used to watch in the peaceful times the area under Roman control and the roads. The bridgeheads were abandoned after the invasions of the Carpi (214 -- Aliobrix, end of the 3rd century - Barboşi) and of the Goths (260 -- Tyras). Only Barboşi was restored after 324, and used again for a short time. The old name Dinogetia was replaced with Turris. To prevent more invasions from the north, Justinian offered this deserted fortress and the surrounding area to the Antae in 545, but it is not sure if they agreed. However, this plan reveals a change in the strategy of the empire, because the Danube became in this area a clearcut frontier.


Related Articles

  • ERRATA.  // Journal of Military History;Apr2011, Vol. 75 Issue 2, p614 

    A correction to the article "Rome's Dacian Wars: Domitian, Trajan, and Strategy on the Danube, Part II" by Everett L. Wheeler, which was published in the January 2011 issue of the journal, is presented.

  • The 1900th Anniversary of Trajan's Column in Rome. OPREANU, CORIOLAN HORAŢIU // Transylvanian Review;Summer2013, Vol. 22 Issue 2, p65 

    The author briefly presents the characteristics of Trajan's Column, inaugurated 1900 years ago, highlighting its great importance for the reconstruction of the history of Trajan's Dacian war, as well as its ideological and propagandistic message. It is a monument to the Victory of the Emperor...

  • I Image and Story.  // Transactions of the American Philosophical Society;Oct2011, Vol. 101 Issue 4, p1 

    The article focuses on the use of visual images and representations which depict history. It says that artists such as Hans Memling have contrived to overcome the limitations of the still image by depicting or evoking episodes or moments on the same canvas as part of a composition. It mentions...

  • A possible attack direction used by the Roman army during the Dacian Wars. Pădurean, Eugen // Annales d'Université 'Valahia' Târgoviste. Section d'Archéol;2013, Vol. 15 Issue 1, p141 

    The Dacian Wars present at this moment numerous unknown aspects, among these are the military operations of the Roman Army on the Lower and Middle basin of the MureÈ™ Valley. The scholarly opinions on this matter are numerous, in regard to the advance directions, the troop composition, and...

  • Rome's Dacian Wars: Domitian, Trajan, and Strategy on the Danube, Part II. Wheeler, Everett L. // Journal of Military History;Jan2011, Vol. 75 Issue 1, p191 

    The Dacian wars of Domitian (84-89) and Trajan (101-102, 105-106) are here set within the strategic context of Roman involvement with the Lower Danubian region. A survey of developments from the late first century B.C. through the reign of Hadrian (117-138 A.D.) identifies this area as a real...

  • Rome's Dacian Wars: Domitian, Trajan, and Strategy on the Danube, Part I. Wheeler, Everett L. // Journal of Military History;Oct2010, Vol. 74 Issue 4, p1185 

    Two recent major monographs, one on the Dacian wars of Domitian and Trajan (Stefan) and another on ancient migrations from the Ukraine into the eastern Balkans (Batty, Rome and the Nomads) invite discussion and evaluation. A survey of the problematic literary and archaeological sources (not...

  • TRAJAN'S COLUMN. Gabriel, Richard A. // Military History;Sep2010, Vol. 27 Issue 3, p62 

    The article focuses on the Trajan Column, the Roman triumphal column which commemorates Roman Emperor Trajan's victory over Dacia or the modern Romania. The 100-foot tall column was built between 106 and 113 before Christ (B.C.) under the supervision of architect Apollodorus of Damascus. It...

  • La Colonna Traiana nel pensiero politico e storiografico romeno (II). Lőrinczi, Marinella // Philologica Jassyensia;2011, Vol. 7 Issue 2, p323 

    In this article we discuss the opinions of the modern commentators of Trajan's Column, historians and artists. In particular, we are interested in the comments to the very last scene that concludes the figurative narration of the second Dacian war. These comments vary according to the cultural...

  • THE LAST GREAT ROMAN CONQUEROR. Munro, Richard K. // Military History;Feb2002, Vol. 18 Issue 6, p22 

    Discusses Roman Emperor Trajan's campaigns against King Decebalus of Dacia in AD 100. Military tactic Emperor Trajan employed; What Trajan's Column in Rome, Italy, which is the main iconographic record of the emperor's Dacian wars, portrays.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics