February 2012
Review of Military History;2012, Issue 1/2, p104
Academic Journal
When studying the process of national unification, usually we resort to emotional political myths on the greatness and suffering of nations, somehow implicitly accepting that achieving unification on ethnic basis is a natural and expected outcome. In this study we have used the instruments and paradigms of International Relations discipline, which deals with state as a unit having a territory, a population and sovereignty. The modern state (labeled as "westphalian") was invented in Western Europe and then "exported" to the rest of the world. Nowadays, according to international law, there are no more nations striving to emerge as independent states because the decolonization process is over. But in some areas of the world, there are ethnic and religious groups trying to modify the states' map by achieving unity on specific territories, frequently by force and after separating from other states. Such moves however are not welcomed by the international community because they tend to question and disturb the territorial status quo inherited from the Helsinki Process in 1975.


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