Hambali, Hanis Haziqah Md; Ramli, Megat Hafizal Megat; Hamdan, Noorliza; Yunus, Zalini
December 2012
Defence S&T Technical Bulletin;2012, Vol. 5 Issue 2, p84
Technological advancements in the field of life sciences and biotechnology bring about unprecedented risks of major disease outbreaks, biological warfare and bioterrorism. The Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC), albeit instrumental in preventing such occurrences, is insufficient by itself to sustain pertinent safety and security against such risks, what with the lack of a verification regime. The BTWC implementation in Malaysia is thus essential for biological arms control in the country, by which the development and use of biological weapons shall be prohibited, and any biological agent and toxin shall be handled safely and securely. The purpose of this paper is to identify the challenges and obstacles that must be overcome before the Convention can be successfully implemented. Among the biggest challenges are the lack of verification protocols and domestic legislation in the country, lack of awareness among the life sciences community on issues pertaining to the Convention itself and unfamiliarity with the concept of biosecurity, and confidence-building measures (CBM) submission. In order to ensure the effective implementation of the Convention, a variety of substantial measures must be taken towards undertaking the country's full compliance with the Convention.


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