Vinyl Ester Oligomer Crosslinked Porous Polymers Prepared via Surfactant-Free High Internal Phase Emulsions

Yun Zhu; Ye Hua; Shengmiao Zhang; Jianding Chen; Chun Pu Hu
January 2012
Journal of Nanomaterials;2012, p1
Academic Journal
Using vinyl ester resin (VER) containing styrene (or methyl methacrylate) and vinyl ester oligomer (VEO) as external phase, Pickering high internal phase emulsions (Pickering HIPEs) having internal phase volume fraction of up to 95 vol% were prepared with copolymer particles as sole stabilizer. Polymerizing the external phase of these Pickering HIPEs led to porous polymers (poly-Pickering-HIPEs). Compared to the polystyrene-(PS-) based poly-Pickering-HIPEs which were prepared with mixture of styrene and divinylbenzene (DVB) as crosslinker, the poly-Pickering-HIPEs herein showed much higher elastic modulus and toughness. The elastic modulus of these poly-Pickering-HIPEs increased with increasing the VEO concentration in the external phase, while it decreased with increasing internal phase volume fraction. Increasing VEO concentration in the external phase also resulted in a decrease in the average void diameter as well as a narrow void diameter distribution of the resulting poly-Pickering-HIPEs. In addition, there were many small pores in the voids surface caused by the volume contraction of VER during the polymerization, which suggests a new method to fabricate porous polymers having a well-defined hierarchical pore structure


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